Humanities 1914 Explorations in Traditional Asian Cultures Evolution of Buddhist Architecture and Art Architecture Stupa : examples from India (Sanchi, 1 st cent. BCE), Sri Lanka (Anaradhapura,1 st cent. BCE), Nepal, and Indonesia (Borobodur in Java, 8 th cent.) • Imitate the practice of buried important people in a mount • A mount to preserve relic • Earliest example in every tradition • Place for pilgrimage • Take on regional character Caitya (cave chapel) and vihara (cave monastic dwelling): example from Ajanta (India, beg. 1 st cent CE) • The outside is very elaborate • The inside is not very elaborate because people don’t often go inside • Some of the cave contains painting; these painting were the earliest in India. Keep in the dark. Use a series of mirror to light up the cave so they are well preserve.
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2011 for the course HUM 1914 at Virginia Tech.