Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - Chapter 7 Meta-memory: self-appraisal...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 Meta-memory: self-appraisal or self-monitoring of memory; studies of metamemory gauge how well each of us understands, the effectiveness of our memory Process dissociation procedure (PDP): a method of distinguishing the contributions of recollection and familiarity; estimates the degree to which conscious and unconscious factors independently contribute to performance on memory tests; study has shown that adults display lower levels of conscious recollection than younger adults do o Ex) test is comparison of individual’s performance on inclusion and exclusion memory tasks. Inclusion - participants are asked to response with items that appear in study (conscious and unconscious work together) Exclusion - participants are asked to respond with items that did not appear in study (conscious and unconscious work in opposition) R response: remember response (remembering something—episodic memory) o Detrimental influence on R responses K response: knowing response (knowing something—semantic memory) o No influence on frequency of K responses o Research shows that younger people make more R than K responses, but older individuals make more K than R responses Associative learning Working memory: when an individual is performing tasks that entail the active and simultaneous processing and storing of information; breakdown of working memory means that the person cannot keep her mind on a particular task Declarative memory: involves the conscious recollection of the past; “remember” something that happened in the past o Ex) “I remember that the first car I ever drove was a _____” Non-declarative memory: reveals itself by the influence that past events have on a person’s current behavior; “remember how” to do something because of past experience o Ex) remembering how to drive a car Episodic memory: conscious recollection of a specific details of previous events; remembering, pastness, autonoetic awareness (feeling that a remembrance actually happened to us) o Ex) if you can remember the first time you were on an airplane and all the things that were occurring when you got on, you are experience episodic memory
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Semantic memory: remembrance of acquired knowledge about the world; not accompanied by any of the autonoetic characteristics that mark episodic memories; we’re not remembering anything from our personal pasts o Ex) if you can remember the first time you were on an airplane, you would think about the procedure of getting through paperwork and security and getting on the plane rather than the environment you were in Source memory: episodic memory for the context (i.e. the exact time and/or place) in which a particular piece of information was learned o Ex) best friend calling you to tell you she’s moving to CA, anniversary date at 8:00 pm one Saturday Autobiographical memory: an individual’s recall of episodes from his/her own past; personal narrative that can serve as a directive function (used to guide thoughts and actions in the present and
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/17/2011 for the course BIS BIS 101 taught by Professor Sanders during the Winter '09 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 13

Final Study Guide - Chapter 7 Meta-memory: self-appraisal...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online