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Chapter 2 the Founding and the Constitution

Chapter 2 the Founding and the Constitution - 7 The...

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Chapter 2 the Founding and the Constitution Definitions: 1. republic ---a system of government that allows indirect representation of the popular will 2. sovereignty ---the independence and self-government of a political entity 3. limited government ---a type of government in which the powers of the government are clearly defined and bounded, so that governmental authority cannot intrude in the lives of private citizens 4. The Sugar Act ---a British act of 1764 that levied a three-penny-per-gallon tax on molasses and other goods imported into the colonies. 5 . The Townsend Revenue Acts ---a series of taxes imposed by the British Parliament in 1767 on glass, lead, tea, and paper imported into the colonies 6. Committees of Correspondence ---formed in Boston in 1772, the first institutionalized mechanism for communication within and between the colonies and foreign countries
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Unformatted text preview: 7. The Intolerable Acts---a series of punitive measures passed by the British Parliament in the spring of 1774 as a response to the Boston Tea Party. 8. Common Sense---Thomas Paine’s pamphlet of January 1776, which helped crystallize the idea of revolution for the colonists 9. Declaration of Independence---the formal proclamation declaring independence for the thirteen colonies of England in North America, approved and signed on July 4, 1776 10. Virginia Plan---a plan presented to the Constitutional Convention; favored by the delegates from the bigger states 11. New Jersey Plan---a plan presented to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 designed to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation for all states. Its goal was to protect the interests of the smaller, less populous states....
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