Chapter3Term - Chapter 2 Antifederalists 62-strong states...

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Chapter 2 Antifederalists 62 ---strong states’ rights advocates who organized in opposition to the ratification of the U.S. Constitution prior to its adoption. Argued that the Constitution was created by the states Insisted that the states should remain independent and distinct Sought individual state governments that would be closer to the people Believed government could tailor solutions to problems to fit each state Believed states were the best protectors of personal liberty Article of confederation 42--- the first constitutional framework of the new United States of America. Approved in 1777 by the Second Continental Congress, it was later replaced by the current Constitution. Bicameral legislature 31 ---a legislative system consisting of two houses or chambers. Bill of rights 66--- the first ten amendments to the Constitution, added in 1781. Boston massacre 36 ---a 1770 incident in which British soldiers fired a volley of shots into a crowd of hecklers who had been throwing snowballs at the redcoats; five colonists were killed. Checks and balances 47 ---systems that ensure that every power in government has an equal and opposite power in a separate branch to restrain that force. Committees of correspondence 36 ---formed in Boston in 1772, the first institutionalized mechanism for communication within and between the colonies and foreign countries. Common sense 39 ---Thomas Paines’ pamphlet of January 1776, which helped crystallize the idea of revolution for the colonists. Compact 30 ---a type of agreement that legally binds two or more parties to enforceable rules. Confederation 34 ---a league of sovereign states that delegates powers on selected issues to a central government . Council of revision 48 ---a combined body of judges and members of the executive branch having a limited veto over national legislation and an absolute veto over state legislation. Declaration of Independence 40 Delegated powers 57 ---powers expressly granted or enumerated in the Constitution and limited in nature. Devolution 58 ---reducing the size and authority of the federal government by returning programs to the states.
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Electoral College system 53 ---votes in the national presidential elections are actually indirect votes for a slate of presidential electors pledged to each party’s candidate. Each state has one elector for each of its representatives and senators. The winning electors cast their votes in their states’ capitals after the public election. In the U.S., election of the president and vice president is dependent upon receiving a majority of the votes cast in the Electoral College. Executive branch 47 ---the branch of the government that makes laws Factions 63 ---according to James Madison in The Federalist, no. 10: “A number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse or passion or … interest.” Federalism 57 ---the relationship between the centralized national government and the
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Chapter3Term - Chapter 2 Antifederalists 62-strong states...

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