midterm review - Madisons view expressed in the Federalist...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Madison’s view expressed in the Federalist Papers Federalists ---those in favor of the Constitution, many of whom were nationalists at the Convention. Thus, they stole the semantic high ground by taking the name of supporters of the federal form of government under the Articles of Confederation. Hamilton, Madison, and Jay argued instead that without this new Constitution, the states would break apart and the nation would fail. With it, the government would act in the national interest while preserving liberty. Later collected as the Federalist Papers: A Commentary on the Constitution of the United States. Although these essays had little effect on the ratification debate, generations of judges, politicians, and scholars have considered them, together with Madison’s notes of the Convention, to indicate “the intent of the framers” in creating the Constitution. British actions prior to the revolution Taxation by the British: The Sugar Act of 1764 extended taxes on foreign refined sugar and various other goods imported into the colonies. The Stamp Act of 1765 required revenue stamps on all printed matter and legal documents The Townshend Revenue Acts of 1767 imposed taxes on glass, lead, tea, and paper imported into the colonies. 1 st and 2 nd Continental Congresses 1 st ---The meeting of fifty-six elected members held in Philadelphia’s Carpenter’s Hall in 1774. It resulted in a resolution to oppose acts of the British Parliament and a plan of association for the colonies. 2 nd ---a meeting convened on May 10, 1775, with all thirteen colonies represented. The Congress met to decide whether or not to sever bonds with England and declare independence. Articles of Confederation The first constitutional framework of the new United States of America. Approved in 1777by the 2 nd Continental Congress, it was later replaced by the current Constitution. Systems (legislative branch---makes law; executive branch---executes the law; judiciary--- interprets the laws) that ensure that every power in government has an equal and opposite power in a separate branch to restrain that force. Madison feared the negative effects of power and so proposed a system of it. Federalism (Types of representative government) The relationship between the centralized national government and the individual state governments Advantages of federalism: Large number of different governments ensures diversity among policies and programs Policy diversity minimizes policy conflict Results in a healthy dispersal of power Enhances prospects for governmental experimentation and innovation
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Types of federalisms: Dual federalism---a system in which each level of power remains supreme in its own jurisdiction,
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/17/2011 for the course POLITICAL 210 taught by Professor Amitage during the Spring '08 term at San Mateo Colleges.

Page1 / 5

midterm review - Madisons view expressed in the Federalist...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online