studygudie review - Chapter 1 1 requirement that everyone...

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Chapter 1 1. requirement that everyone must have the right to vote is called universal suffrage 2. all adults groups was originally permitted to vote when the Constitution was written 3. a system of government that allows indirect representation of the popular will is called a republic 4. the founders based much of their conception of democracy on the model of the Greek city-state of Athens 5. majority rule was the focus of Cesar Chavez’s effort 6. positive freedom : the right to vote the right to legal counsel the right to equal protection under the law 7. the type of equality that would redistribute goods and services from the haves to the have-nots is called equality of results 8. in a democratic system, a group achieves and maintains majority status by persuading other to their side by popular input and rational argument 9. according to the text, the Supreme Court is the final arbiter of the Constitution 10. direct democracy assumes that people can govern themselves 11. a form of government that includes an annual meeting at which eligible citizens can express their views and cast votes is a town meeting 12. democracy in Athens emphasized face-to-face political discussion and decision making 13. negative freedom implies freedom from government intervention 14. every society, to be successful, must maintain order and provide social stability 15. continual competition among groups in a democracy ensures that power moves around in a shifting alliance of interests 16. groups known as Libertarian, Green, and Reform are all fairly recent political parties 17. the institutions that most clearly allow people to influence government are elections 18. the idea that government must stay out of the personal lives of citizens stems from the belief that we all have an inherent right to privacy 19. a totalitarian government, using the state to maintain total control over all citizens, suppresses open communication so as to maintain an iron grip over the minds of its populace Chapter 2 1. the proprietary colonies were based on royal grants to an English nobleman who determined the nature of the colonial government 2. the most influential social contract theorist was John Locke 3. the “elastic clause” that gives Congress some flexibility is called the Necessary and Proper clause 4. among the major problems of the Articles of Confederation were: the national government could collect taxes the national government had no money to pay for an army the government could not enforce its laws
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5. reserved powers are those given to state governments 6. the supremacy clause guaranty the supremacy of the federal government 7. according to James Madison, the source of factions was the unequal divisions and types of property 8. all of the following constitutional amendments had the purpose of expanding rights and equality: 13 th , 14 th , 19 th 9. the most recently added amendment to the Constitution deals with the delay of congressional pay raises until the following session
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studygudie review - Chapter 1 1 requirement that everyone...

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