Fallacies Module - Ying Li Dr. Muriel Brennan ENG 110AG...

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Ying Li Dr. Muriel Brennan ENG 110AG April 5, 2008 Fallacies Module Questions: 1. Logical fallacies are arguments that sound convincing but are essentially flawed; they usually stem from careless thinking, or more often, from an attempt to persuade through non-logical means. 2. We come out with statements that sound persuasive, but that don’t really hold together for lots of reasons. We use words carelessly, we make assumptions that we don’t investigate, and sometimes—let’s be honest—we just want to win and are willing to play a little dirty. 3. I can identity the fallacies by the word “all”, or people get a quick conclusion by an only simple assumption or a careless thought. 4. The “Straw man” fallacy involves making a caricature of your opponent’s views, and then scoring points by opposing this caricature. 5. The “false dilemma” fallacy pretends that what may be a very complex situation can be resolved into two alternatives, and then forces you to choose. 6. The “false cause” fallacy assumes, without proof, that because two things happen together, one must have caused the other. 7. The “begging the question” fallacy occurs when you speak as though you are giving a reason for something, but merely restate it. 8. The “poisoning the well” fallacy sidetracks an argument by putting potential opponents personally on the defensive. 9. The “loaded question” fallacy sidetracks an argument by presenting someone with a question whose premises he may not accept, and which are probably incriminating or damage his position. 10. The “slippery slope” fallacy infers extreme and dramatic consequences from a
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Fallacies Module - Ying Li Dr. Muriel Brennan ENG 110AG...

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