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p38 - The First Two Arguments Motion and Causality Aquinass...

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The First Two Arguments: Motion and Causality Aquinas’s first argument for the existence of God is the argument from motion. Here it is, formulated as a deductive argument: (I) (1) In the natural world, there are objects that are in motion. (2) In the natural world, objects that are in motion are always caused to move by objects other than themselves. (3) In the world, causes must precede their effects. (4) In the natural world, there are no infinite cause/effect chains. (5) Hence there is an entity outside of the natural world (a supernatural being), which causes the motion of the first moving object that exists in the natural world. (6) Hence, God exists. (II) (1) The natural world includes events that occur. (2) In the natural world, every event has a cause, and no event causes itself. (3) In the natural world, causes must precede their effects. (4) In the natural world, there are no infinite cause/effect chains. (5) Hence there is an entity outside of nature (a supernatural being), which causes the first event that occurs in the natural world.
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