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philo.notes.paper2 - 2/16 Murderiswrong. 1...

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2/16 Murder is wrong. Morally unjustifiable killings are immoral.  1) Act x is morally right. 2) In between - Act x is permissible 3) Act x is morally wrong.   Not morally permitted to do what’s wrong.  If an act is right then it’s permissible. If wrong, then impermissible. If permissible, then not wrong.  Religion: morality relationship “If God is dead then everything is permitted” How can someone who thought God doesn’t exists have any morals? When people want moral issues discussed they bring a religious figure. Connection between religion-morality. Objective facts: not dependent on what anybody thinks 1) Stealing is always morally wrong 2) Stealing is sometimes morally permissible.  Subjective: moral facts regardless of what they are. Divine command theory: moral facts are subjective facts. Moral facts are absolute and universal,  determined by the psychological state of god.  Facts about morality determined by what god thinks.  2/18/10 Can we make something true by saying it?  I'm sitting in front on my computer - false.  True - i am now speaking when you're speaking. When you say it you make it true.  Divine Command Theory  Mother chose the name of the child.  Writing down the name is a way of making it true.  Who determines what is immoral or moral?  Atheists can have strong moral convictions. If divine command theory is true your covictions  have no foundations. Cause they think foundations have something to do with God. Either it has  no foundation at all or the wrong one - so theres no reason to take your views seriosuly.  Social problem - those people may be right about their social pronouncements (priests) Point of  public discussion is to decide public policy - which isn't right.  The idea that moral and religious issues are seperate is a very old view. Discussion begins w/ 
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Plato. Early dialogues are an expression of Socrates views. Socrates was a stone mason. Most  athenians would take a pilgrimage to Delphi. He asked the oracle who was the wisest athenian?  It tells him that he is. To prove the oracle wrong he takes his life work to find someone in athens  that is wiser than him.  Piety. Pious fellow suggests he takes religion seriously. Athenians - piety was not just religious.  Religion was imbedded in their government. Impiety is bad citizenship or treason. He tried  showing the people that they aren't as wise as they thought they were. Philosophy in public was  a crime.  2/23 To arrive at a theory: A bachelor is an unmarried male.  Every bachelor is an unmarried male. Not every unmarried male is a bachelor. Theories go both 
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