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Running head: BENCHMARK- POLICY BRIEF 1 Benchmark- Policy Brief Sara Emalee Pate Grand Canyon University: NRS 428VN April 10, 2020 Benchmark- Policy Brief
BENCHMARK- POLICY BRIEF 2 Climate change extends effects on the environmental and public health issue. Globally the climate has been affected due to air pollution. Within the United States, many urban cities are affected by the decreased quality of air causing respiratory issues on many individuals. There are several vulnerable populations that are affected by air pollutants. The paper focuses on a policy brief issue being air pollution, the population that is mainly affected, ways to address this health issue, and the impact it may take on the health care delivery system. Policy Health Issue Air pollution refers to the release of pollutants into the air that is detrimental to human health and the planet as a whole. (Mackenzie, 2019) Air pollution is an environmental problem that can lead to many public health issues; however, one of these issues being respiratory health problems. Air pollution is caused by solid and liquid particles and certain gases that are suspended in the air. These particles and gases can come from car and truck exhaust, factories, dust, pollen, mold spores, volcanoes, and wildfires. (NASA, 2020) Particles and gases are released in the air become aerosols that are very harmful to many individuals; especially, those who have underlining respiratory issues. Long-term exposure to air pollution has been associated with diseases of the heart and lungs, cancers and other health problems. (NASA, 2020) Reviewing different populations that are affected by air pollution, children are the most vulnerable group of people. According to the World Health Organization, every day around 93% of the world’s children under the age of 15 years of age breathes air that is so polluted, putting their health and developmental growth at serious risk. (Word Health Organization, 2020) One

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