Assignment 5.1_ Theory Project_ Theory Critique.docx -...

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RUNNING HEAD: THEORY CRITIQUE1Assignment 5.1: Theory Project: Theory CritiqueJocelyn Moulin BSN, RNMaryville University Nurse 600: Theoretical Foundations of Nursing PracticeFebruary 11th, 2020Theory Project: Critique of the Theory of Transcultural Nursing
ASSIGNMENT 5.1: THEORY CRITIQUE2Nursing theories have been around for the entirety of nursing practice and they have beenused to mold every aspect of our discipline. The foundation of nursing was built on these theories and they allow us a guide and basis of our clinical practice. Upon looking at all of our theorists and their theories, we need to take a step back and look at our own philosophies to decide which relates more to our own practice. There are many models one can choose from when critiquing a theory. For this critique, I have chosen to use Chinn and Kramer’s model. Chinn and Kramer’s Evaluation Tool for Theory CritiqueThis tool offers an in-depth analysis of theories and is used as an appropriate guide to creating a thorough evaluation. To do this, Chinn and Kramer (2018) have created six areas of focus: purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, and assumptions (Chinn & Kramer,2018). Next, there is a critical reflection of the theory and in this case, it is Leininger’s Transcultural theory and will argue the application with the following five terms: clarity,simplicity, generalizability, accessibility, and importance (Chinn & Kramer, 2018). This tool willguide my critique of Madeleine Leininger’s transcultural nursing theory. Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing TheoryMadeleine Leininger was a pioneer for transcultural nursing. Very early on in the post-world war II era, Leininger noticed the need for transcultural nursing and the benefit for nurses to have knowledge of diverse cultures and the ability to care for each individual (Smith, Gullett, & Parker, 2015). Her theory was developed after recognizing the increase of immigrants enteringthe United States and how multicultural it was becoming (Smith et al., 2015).Based on this, the theory was designed to establish the knowledge base that was very much needed to guide nurses in the discovery and use of transcultural nursing (Smith et al., 2015). She believed that caring for people of all cultures was viral but she also felt that nurses and medical professionals were
ASSIGNMENT 5.1: THEORY CRITIQUE3not up to meet the need of this magnitude. As of this time, nurses and medical professionals were focused on science and new technologies and were not based on the individual. Description of Transcultural Nursing TheoryLeininger’s Theory of Transcultural Nursing was introduced in the early 1960s and since then, it has shown to improve the care that we as nurses provide. This theory is one of the oldest and most used theory and it continues to improve nursing care to this day. Leininger believed that transcultural nursing could provide our patients with meaningful, therapeutic health and healing outcomes (Smith et al., 2015). Throughout the development of this theory, she identified

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