POVERTY - POVERTY Social Stratification Ranking of people...

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POVERTY Social Stratification Ranking of people into a hierarchy in which the resources considered valuable by society are unequally distributed Poverty does not refer to a deprivation of resources alone but to an uneven distribution of resources available Social stratification places individuals into categories 1. Categories affect life chances- potential social advantages 2. Whether formally by institutions or informally by social interaction- every society classifies its people into categories 3. Two major kinds of criteria used as basis for classification a. Ascribed b. Achieved 4. Social interest in social significance when people with one feature or characteristic are treated as more valuable 5. Social interest in social values attached to ascribed characteristics as people have no control 6. Study of classification system, better understand the enormous consequences to society and relationships among people II. Open and Closed Stratification Systems A. Open- Class system 1. People ranked on merit, talent, ability or past performance 2. Inequality is not systematic 3. People can change class position during lifetime; children can be different classes as well 4. Achieved characteristics determine life chances B. Closed-Caste system 1. People ranked on basis of traits over which they have no control
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2. Caste distinctions are viewed as unalterable C. Three characteristics most clearly distinguished caste from class 1. System rigidity; difficult for people to change category 2. Relative importance of ascribed/achieved characteristics in determining life chances 3. The extent to which restrictions are placed on social interaction between people in different categories D. One of the key characteristics distinguishing caste from class is that class allows mobility III. Mixed Systems: Class and Caste A. Systems of stratification usually possess elements of both class and cast characteristics 1. In United States, every occupation contains members of different ethnic, age, racial and sex groups 2. However, some groups Social Problems: Poverty Def- does not refer to a deprivation of resources alone but to an uneven distribution of resources available Absolute deprivation- fixed economic level below which people are considered poor; and this level does not necessarily change as society on the whole becomes more or less affluent Government programs are based on Absolute Deprivation Relative deprivation- poor relative to standard shaped by lifestyle of others Cultural definition of poverty- describes in terms of resources and explanations Ex: College student; temporarily poor Problems Linked to Poverty Poor Health Mortality; especially infant mortality Homelessness Crime and Punishment Substandard Housing Limited Schooling Political Alienation Theoretical Analysis: Understanding Poverty Structural Functional: Some poverty is inevitable Social Pathology Theories: Personal Deficiencies
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Social Darwinism- Spencer Contemporary pathological theory- Murray and Hurrestein “bell curve thesis”
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POVERTY - POVERTY Social Stratification Ranking of people...

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