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Homework4_1_2 - 1 Consider an e-commerce site that wants to...

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1. Consider an e-commerce site that wants to keep a purchase record for each of its customers. Describe how this can be done with HTTP authentication. Describe how this can be done with cookies. (16 points) In both cases, the site must keep a database record for the user. With HTTP authentication, the user first registers with the site. During each subsequent visit, the user provides a username and password, which allows the site to identify the user and update the user’s record. With cookies, the user does not explicitly provide a username and password. However, browser identifies the user by sending the user’s cookie number each time the user accesses the site. 2. Why is it said that FTP sends control information "out of band"?(16 points) FTP uses two parallel TCP connections, one connection for sending control information (such as a request to transfer a file) and another connection for actually transferring the file. Because the control information is not sent over the same connection that the file is sent over, FTP sends control information out of band.
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