Ch.4 - Ch.4 Classification and Assessment of Abnormal...

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Ch.4 Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior 11/02/2009 21:39:00 Assessment : process of gathering information  Classification system : list of various types of problems and their associated symptoms  Diagnosis : identification or recognition of a disorder on the basis of its characteristic symptoms  Tells clinician that person’s problems are similar to those that have been experienced by  some other people; causal analysis Case Study: Obsessions, Compulsions, and Other unusual behavior 16 year old junior with social anxiety and feelings of alientation humiliating experience on track team; ran naked to park, found old shorts, began having  thoughts about where they were, were they dirty, etc obsessed with contamination; shunned physical contact Basic Issues in Classification: Classification   system : used to subdivide or organize a set of objects Categories vs. Dimensions: o Categorical   approach  to  classification : distinctions among members of diff  categories are qualitative; diffs reflect a diff in kind rather than amount o Dimensional   approach  to  classification : one that describes the objects of  classification in terms of continuous dimensions  Classifying Abnormal Behavior: Useful to clinicians who must match their client’s problems with the form of intervention that is  most likely to be effective Must be used in the search for new knowledge Brief Historical Perspective: o DSM and ICD DSM-IV-TR System: o Multiaxial   classification   system : person is rated on 5 sep axes; first 2 concerned  with clinical disorders that are defined largely in terms of symptomatic behaviors; o axis II concerned w/ more stable, long standing problems, such as personality  disorders and mental retardation  o axis III concerned w/ general med conditions outside the realm of PP bt may be  relevant to either the etiology or treatment program o axis IV: psychosocial and environmental problems that may affect the diagnosis or 
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2011 for the course PSYCH 270 taught by Professor Chang during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Ch.4 - Ch.4 Classification and Assessment of Abnormal...

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