Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Causes of Abnormal Behavior...

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Chapter 2: Causes of Abnormal Behavior 22/01/2009 15:23:00 Cause=etiology Paradigm : Set of shared assumptions that includes both the substance of a theory and beliefs about how  scientists should collect data and test the theory  Biological, psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral, humanistic  Biological: imbalanced brain chem. Psychological: troubled emotions to distorted thinking Social/cultural: conflict in fam, racial and gender biases Biopsychosocial   model : referred to when discussing integrated explanations of mental disorders Case Study: Meghan’s Many Hardships Attempted to OD on Tylenol after fight with mom Hospitalized and spoke to someone for 30 days  Adopted, birth mom 16 and druggie At young age, hyperactive; Mrs. B didn’t want to put her on meds, so doubled parenting effort Physical abuse, inconsistent love, chaotic living arrangements Biological problems from birth parents Brief Historical Perspective: twentieth century paradigms  Discovery of cause of general paresis, writing on Sigmund Freud, creation of a new academic discipline  called psych  Bio Paradigm: o Biological abnormalities that might cause abnormal behavior o Roots: general paresis caused by syphilis; discovery of cause inspired search for other  disease causers  o Most mental disorders appear to be “lifestyle diseases” 
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Psychodynamic Paradigm  o An outgrowth of the work and writings of Freud; abnormal behavior is caused by unconscious  mental conflicts that have roots in early childhood experience  o Abnormal behavior caused by mental events that occur outside of conscious awareness  o Hysteria: unusual physical symptoms  o Many memories, motivations, and protective psychological processes are unconscious  o Psychoanalytic   theory : Freud’s theorizing o   Id : present at birth, houses bio drives, hunger, and psychological drives sex, aggression;  operates according to pleasure principle—seeking immediate gratification o Ego : deals with realities of the world as it attempts to fulfill id impulses as well as perform the  reality principle; much of ego resides in conscious awareness o Superego : equivalent to the conscience; societal standards of behavior o 3 parts of personality always in conflict with one another; ego constantly mediating between  demands of id and prescriptions of superego  o moral anxiety: conflict between superego and ego; Neurotic anxiety: conflict between id and  ego o defense   mechanisms : ego protects itself by using unconscious self deceptions that reduce  conscious anxiety by distorting anxiety producing memories, emotions, and impulses
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2011 for the course PSYCH 270 taught by Professor Chang during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Causes of Abnormal Behavior...

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