Chapter 9 - Chapter 9: Personality Disorders 15/04/2009...

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Chapter 9: Personality Disorders 15/04/2009 20:51:00 - Personality : enduring patterns of thinking and behavior that define the person and distinguish  him or her from other people -personality disorders are listed on axis II -person must fit general definition of personality disorder and must also meet the specific criteria  for a particular type of personality disorder - personality   disorder : emphasizes the duration of the pattern and the social impairment  associated with the traits in question pattern must be evident in two or more of the following domains: cognition, emotional  responses, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control must also be: inflexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal and social situations,  source of clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other  important areas of functioning; stable and of long duration, with an onset that can be traced  back at least to adolescence or early adulthood -PD are associated with significant social and occupational impairment; disrupt interpersonal  relationships in families  and in the workplace -presence of pathological personality traits during adolescence is associated with an increased  risk for the subsequent development of other mental disorders -PD can actually represent the beginning stages of the onset of a more serious form of PP -presence of a comorbid personality disorder can interfere with the treatment of a disorder such  as depression Case Study: A car thief’s antisocial personality disorder Fundamental features of Tom’s problems were clearly evident by early adolescence, and  they were exhibited consistently over time  *stable, long standing nature of personality disorders is one of their most characteristic  features most other forms of mental disorders are ego-dystonic; distressed by their symptoms and  uncomfortable with their situation ego syntonic: the ideas or impulses with which the are associated are acceptable to the  person Symptoms: Social Motivation o Affiliation: desire for close relationships with other people o Power: the desire for impact, prestige, or dominance  o Many of the symptoms of PD can be described in terms of maladaptive variations  with regard to needs for affiliation and power
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o Severely diminished or absent motivation for social relationships is one pervasive  theme that serves to define certain kinds of personality disorder o Exaggerated motivation for power and achievement also contributes to PD Cognitive Perspectives Regarding Self and Others o Distortions of these mechanisms are associated with PD
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2011 for the course PSYCH 270 taught by Professor Chang during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 9 - Chapter 9: Personality Disorders 15/04/2009...

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