Disorders to Know for the Exam

Disorders to Know for the Exam - Disorders to Know for the...

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Disorders to Know for the Exam Psychotic Disorders: Schizophrenia: o Description: positive symptoms, negative symptoms and disorganization; duration at least one month of characteristic symptoms and 6 months of signs of disturbance; two characteristic symptoms (delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior, negative symptoms); social functioning is disturbed o Related Disorder: Bipolar Disorder (both impede social functioning) o MORE INFO ON SAMPLE ESSAY FOR EXAM 2 Schizoaffective: o Description: describes the symptoms of patients who fall on the boundary between schizophrenia and mood disorder with psychotic features; applies only to the description of a particular episode of disturbance- not overall lifetime course of person’s disorder- symptoms of schizophrenia partially overlap with a major depressive episode or a manic episode; presence of delusions or hallucinations for at least 2 weeks in the absence of prominent mood symptoms Delusional: o Description: do not meet the full symptomatic criteria for schizophrenia but they are preoccupied for at least 1 month with delusions that are not bizarre; social and occupational functioning are not impaired Brief Psychotic: o Description: includes those people who exhibit psychotic symptoms (delusions, hallucinations) for at least 1 day but no more than 1 month; typically accompanied by confusion and emotional turmoil most often following a stressful even; category is used infrequently Mood Disorders: Major Depression: o Description: depressed mood most of the day, diminished interest or pleasure in all or most activities, loss of appetite or weight loss, insomnia, psychomotor agitation or retardation, feelings of worthlessness, indecisiveness and thoughts of death or suicide.; 2 week period; one or more major depressive episodes, no manic or unequivocal hypomanic episodes o Related Disorder: Dysthymia o MORE INFO ON SAMPLE ESSAY FOR EXAM 2
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Bipolar I: o Description: one or more manic episodes; mood disturbance that interferes with social functioning; major depression in addition to one manic episode o Related Disorder: Cyclothymic Disorder o MORE INFO ON SAMPLE ESSAY FOR EXAM 2 Bipolar II: o Description: One or more major depressive episodes and at least one hypomanic episode, no manic episodes; can’t have a manic episode, only hypomanic (increased energy not sufficiently severe to qualify as full blown mania) o Related Disorder: Cyclothymic Disorder Dysthymia: o Description: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia, low energy, low self- esteem, can’t concentrate, hopelessness; depressed mood for at least 2 years; chronic mild depressive condition that has been present for many years; never without these symptoms for more than 2 months during this period, no major depressive episode during the first 2 years o Related Disorder: Major Depression Cyclothymia: o Description: hypomanic symptoms and numerous periods with depressed mood; never without these symptoms for more than 2 months; no major
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2011 for the course PSYCH 270 taught by Professor Chang during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Disorders to Know for the Exam - Disorders to Know for the...

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