Final Exam Conceptual Application Question

Final Exam Conceptual Application Question - Final Exam...

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Final Exam Conceptual Application Question Disorder: Panic Disorder A. Thorough Description (include distinctive details) An anxiety disorder in which a person must experience recurrent, unexpected panic attacks. Episodes of panic include at least 4 of the following: pounding heart, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, feelings of choking, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, fear of losing control, fear of dying, numbness or tingling, chills, or hot flashes. At least one of the attacks must have been followed by a period of 1 month or more in which the person has either persistent concern about having additional attacks, worry about the implications of the attack or its consequences, or a significant change in behavior related to the attacks. Panic attacks are not due to the direct physiological effects of a drug, medication, or medical condition. There are two different subtypes, depending on presence or absence of agoraphobia. B1. Closely Related Disorder: Panic Attacks B2. How is this disorder similar to but different from your chosen disorder? Similar: At least 4 symptoms must be present Different: Panic attacks reach their peak within 10 minutes C. Three kinds of supporting Evidence and their meaning: 1. Cross-cultural studies suggest that panic disorder occurred in 14 different countries in North America, Latin American, and Europe. This is evidence for because it is prevalent globally, increasing one’s confidence that it is a valid construct. 2. Family studies show that relatives of people with panic disorder show an elevated risk of panic disorder themselves suggested that genetics play a factor in the etiology of the disorder. 3. Neurochemistry procedures suggest that certain brain areas, such as the amygdala and locus ceruleus, are responsible for panic disorders. This implies that biology is a factor in the etiology of this disorder D. Two kinds of contradictory evidence and their meaning: 1. Comorbidity with depression as well as other mood disorders is a threat to construct validity and suggests that the definitions of each disorder need to be more narrowly defined in order to avoid misdiagnosis. 2. MZ twins have a concordance rate of .24. Because it is not 1, it means that environmental factors play a role in the etiology of this disorder. Letter Grade: C Explanation of Grade: Although there is strong supporting evidence for the validity of Panic Disorder, the strong comorbidity leads me to conclude that the definition of this disorder must be more narrowly defined in order to avoid misdiagnosis. C is an average grade, I think psychopathologists have room for improvement and should either lump this disorder with another or perform more research to clearly separate it from others - 1 -
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Disorder: Generalized Anxiety Disorder A. Thorough Description (include distinctive details) An anxiety disorder in which excessive worry and anxiety are the primary symptoms. The person must have trouble controlling these worries, and the worries must lead to significant
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2011 for the course PSYCH 270 taught by Professor Chang during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Final Exam Conceptual Application Question - Final Exam...

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