PS370fall09FINALEXAMSTUDYGUIDEWOOO

PS370fall09FINALEXAMSTUDYGUIDEWOOO - Commissioner F inal...

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Commissioner Final Exam Question Bank PS370 Comparative Foreign Policy Fall 2009 The following is a list of questions addressing the topics covered in the second half of thesemester. Twelve of these questions will be chosen for part one of your final exam. On the exam,each question will be worth five points each. 1) Identify and define Allison’s three explanatory models of foreign policy decision- making. For each model, provide one example of this behavior seen at work in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Pt1: Allison’s three explanatory models of foreign policy decision-making are 1) Rational Policy, 2) Organizational Processes 3) Government Policy Rational Policy is defined by a belief that states are the only actors on the international stage. Every state has specific goals and the means to pursue those goals. This is a holistic approach to looking at state decision making and assumes states act rationally in pursuit of goals. Organizational Processes defines foreign policy as a product of organizational processes as in standard operating procedures. This model assumes that all agencies focus on their own “rulebooks” and apply preplanned policy prescriptions to solve problems and make decisions. The Government Policy model is the result of hierarchical infighting for scarce resources. It says that bureaucracies compete to have their own agencies solve the problem and are not interested in anything outside its own mandate. For the Rational Policy model, the US’s response of a blockade was a credible show of force by the U.S. but also gave the USSR a way to back out of their position without humiliation. This shows the US acting as one rational actor with the goal of avoiding war, and the blockade was the means by which to attain that goal. This same response-blockade or as Neil said quarantine- can be looked at from the Organizational Process model as a step in a manual or standard operating procedures because a collection of US leaders provided different options for the president based on what their agency would say to do in this scenario and the way the blockade was actually enacted was based on procedures on HOW TO enforce a blockade by the Navy. Model 3, would look at the blockade and show that Robert Kennedy and McNamara were for a naval blockade, while the military tried to argue for air strikes. This shows how McNamara (sec of defense) and those that wanted to do bombing was Lemay (who was head of airforce) so you
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can see that people argued in favor of their own agencies acting. i.e they all wanted the resources that would come from being dealt the responsibility of dealing with this. 2) How does Allison’s model II (organizational process) differ from his model III (governmental politics)? Your response should consider the two models’ differing explanations for: a) the sources of foreign policy; b) the challenges faced by actors; and c) sources of variation in behavior. Allison’s Model II-Organizational Processes is defined by foreign policy as a product of
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PS370fall09FINALEXAMSTUDYGUIDEWOOO - Commissioner F inal...

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