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Review Sheet - exam one - Review Sheet Sociology 344 Exam 1...

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Review Sheet – Sociology 344: Exam # 1 Perspectives on the Family: What is a family? Definition : a unit made up of two or more people who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption and who live together, form an economic unit, and bear and raise children. - Excludes people who don’t exclusively fit into this category ( ex. Single parents, gay and lesbian couples with/without children, cohabiting families, etc. ) - Normative family census bureau defines A family household -- consists of the two or more people living together who are related through marriage, birth, or adoption. o Non-family households include people who live alone or with non-relatives (roommates, boarders, or cohabitants). Other Definitions: - an intimate environment in which two or more people o 1) live together in a committed relationship o 2) see their identity as importantly attached to a group o 3) share close emotional ties and functions - An intimate environment in which a group of people function as family, that is, they behave towards each other as family by o 1) caring for each other o 2) supporting each other in need o 3) sharing financial and work resources Sociological Factors Impacting Marriages and Families: - Change : Family as socially constructed and historically changing. - Structure : Family experiences are shaped by groups and institutions of society. - Power : The social relations in which families are embedded are the product of power systems and hierarchies. - Diversity : Family experiences vary substantially across gender, race/ethnic, and class groups in society. - Agency : Family outcomes are constructed through social structure and human agency. Macro Influences on Marriage and Family: - Economic forces, technology, demographic changes, political conditions, religious culture, popular culture, social movement, family policies, social movements MORE PERSPECTIVES ( how the traditional view of the family has changed over time ) - Singles make up one of the fastest growing groups - the number of cohabitants has climbed - the percentage of people living alone has grown considerably - the number of divorces has increased throughout the years - stepfamilies are becoming much more common One-Parent Families:
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- the number of children living with one parent has increased - The proportion of children living with a never-married parent has also increased - The percentage of children under age 18 living in one-parent families has more than doubled Employed Mothers: - Increased participation of mothers in the labor force - Many couples coping with domestic and employment responsibilities The Family is Deteriorating: - End of Family: o "The family, in its old sense, is disappearing from our land, and not only are our institutions threatened, but the very existence of our society is endangered".
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