364 Exam 1 Study Guide-1 - 364 Exam 1 Study Guide This...

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364 Exam 1 Study Guide This guide is NOT exhaustive! It is meant as a tool to help guide your studying. Focus on lecture materials and in-class labs. Good Luck!!! Concepts to know: Order of basic events from the first life through the emergence of primates Don’t worry about memorizing the dates Focus on the order of events and the importance of each step Basic mammalian and primate traits and behavioral tendencies What does it mean to be a mammal? What traits are unique to primates? What is the functional purpose of these traits? What are some generalizations about primate behavior? What are some of the evolutionary reasons for these behaviors and how are they adaptively advantageous? What are two hypotheses about the evolution of the primate traits? Advantages/disadvantages of different food sources (leaves, fruit, meat) How does diet relate to primate digestive and masticatory adaptations? What can teeth tell us about diet? What are the features of the skull related to mastication? What do these tell us about diet? What are the relationships between diet and stomach, colon, and small intestine size? Why are these trends seen? Speciation What are the different types of speciation? How does speciation occur? What is needed? Earliest known fossil specimens of various primate taxa Know which ancestral groups gave rise to each taxa Anatomical traits of: (know physical features used to differentiate these and the function of these traits) Australopithecines Homo erectus Neanderthals Homo sapiens Cultural/behavioral/technological features of: (know major technologies and what these mean) Australopithecines Homo erectus Neanderthals Homo sapiens Hypotheses about the existence of modern humans in the world Out of Africa/replacement
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364 Exam 1 Study Guide-1 - 364 Exam 1 Study Guide This...

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