hist1112 Reformation - History 1 1 12 Background to the...

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Unformatted text preview: History 1 1 12 Background to the Protestant Reformation 1. Ambitious building projects in Rome (saint Peter’s Basilica) I. II. III. 1556) 2. Pope Leo X ( r. 1513-1521) authorized an indulgence 3. The church charged for all kinds of services Martin Luther ( 1483-1546) 1. Luther attacked the sale of indulgences 2. He argued that salvation comes by faith alone 3. Reasons for the spread of Protestantism A B C. D E. . Martin Luther’s leadership qualities . German princes supported Luther Political condition in the Holy Roman Empire . Charles ( 1500-1557) elected as Emperor Charles V, ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in 1519 Conflict between Charles V and France I of France ( 1520-1545) 4. Other Protestant groups. a. Henry VIII and the Anglican Church of England B. John Calvin ( 1509-1564) and Calvinism (God’s Predestination) The Catholic Reformation 1. The Society of Jesus, or “Jesuits” founded by Ignatius of Loyola (1491- 2. The Council of Trent ( 1545-1563) issued decrees reforming the education , discipline, and practices of the Roman Catholic clergy. 3. Bloody religious war ( 1546-1555) 4. Emperor Ferdinand ended the war by the Peace of Augsburg in 1555. 5. The Thirty Years War ( 1618-1648) HISTORY 1112 1. Scientific Revolution A .The causes of scientific Revolution B. The pioneers 1. Nicholas Copernicus ( 1473-1543) 2. The Danish Tycho Brahe( 1546-1601) and his German assistant Johannes Kepler ( 1571-1630) 3. John Harvey ( 1578-1657) 4. Francis Bacon ( 1561-1626) 5. Rene Descarets ( 1596—1650) 6. Galileo Galilei ( 1564-1642) ’7. Isaac Newton ( 1642-1727) II. Some consequences of the Scientific Revolution 1. Scientific community 2. Scientific method 111. The Enlightenment 1. Reason not faith 2. “ Social science” 3. The idea of progress IV. Political thought 1. Nicholas Machiavelli ( 1469-1527) The Prince 2. John Lock ( 1632—1704) Letter on Toleration 3. Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire 169447 78) 4. Jean —Jacques Rousseau ( 1712-1778)_E_mi_!g and Social Contract 5. Witch Crafts ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course HIST 32434 taught by Professor Muhammadali during the Fall '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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hist1112 Reformation - History 1 1 12 Background to the...

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