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Unformatted text preview: History 1 1 12 History of China 1900 — 19905 I. The Revolutionaries 1. The Boxer Rising (1900) 2. The revolutionary movement led by Sun-yat-sen 3. Sun Yat—sen ‘s(1866—1925) “Three principles of the People” . The Kuomindang, or nationalist Party General Yuan Shikai (1912—1916) dissolved the
Parliament and attacked the revolutionaries. Warlords . The May Fourth Movement (1919) gave intellectuals a heightened sense of urgency for attacking just about every aspect of Chinese traditional culture. . Sun—Yat—Sen formed an alliance between the Nationalist party and the Chinese Communist party that was formed in 192 1. . After the death of Sun—Yat—Sen in 1925, it was Chiang Kai—Shek (1887—1975) Who took over the leadership of the Nationalist Party. II. 10. In 1927 Chiang kai—Shek declared war on the communists The Chinese Communist Party 1. 2. Mao Zedong (1893— 1976) Guerrilla Warfare . Mao emphasized mass mobilization of the peasantry. . The communists redistributed land while the nationalist government neglected land reform and the terrible poverty of the peasants. . The nationalist government organized five great campaigns of encirclement and extermination of
the communists. About 200,000 men and women
broke out of encirclement and began one of the most incredible event, The Long March [193586) . United Front of the nationalists and the communists and the war against Japan (1937— 1945) . During the war the Communist party expanded its membership and military strength 8. The communists defeated the nationalists in 1949.
9. Chiang Kai—Sheik ﬂed to the island of Taiwan,
where he established nationalist government (1949—
III. The People’s Republic of China (1949)
1. Mao’s Great Leap Forward (1958) 2. Mao’s Cultural Revolution (1965-1975) IV. China after Mao Zedong (1976-19908) 1. Power struggle within the communist party 2. Economic reforms 3. China, the new economic giant in the 19903 ...
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- Fall '10