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hist 1112 F. revolution

hist 1112 F. revolution - History 1 1 12 1 Capitalism and...

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Unformatted text preview: History 1 1 12 1. Capitalism and Constitutional Crisis in France A. Louis XIV (166 1—1715) 1. Absolutism '2. The nobility i. The landed nobility was the backbone of French society ii. The nobles were generally regarded as a superior race iii. The Robe nobility iv. The palace of Versailles 3. The Catholic Church was a formidable institution 4. Feudal dues 5. Louis XIV was at heart a military man, whose armies numbered as many as 390,000 at their peak. B. Louis XVI (1774—1789) C. French Society 1. The First Estate (clergy ca. 130,000) 2'. The Second Estate (nobility ca. 300,000) 3. The Third Estate (commoners) D. The Taille E. Trade 1. Internal tolls, tariffs and levies 2. France lacked a uniform and understood systems of weights and measures F. Industry (guilds) G. Agriculture and peasantry 1. Grinding poverty affected millions of peasants. Many lived by begging or robbery 2. The peasants supported the state, the church and the nobility 3. Bad weather caused the grain crops of 1788 to fail. 4. Revolutionary situation F. The Estate General (had not met since 1614) II. The French Revolution A. The fall of Bastille, July 14, 1789 B. “Liberty, Equality and Fraternity” C. National Assembly (1789-1791) 1. The Declaration of the Rights of Man 2. A new constitution 3. Abolished serfdom and all feudal dues 4. Replaced the nobility of birth by the nobility of wealth D. Legislative Assembly (1791— 1792) 1. Much more radical than the National Assembly 2. The left wing elements E. The National Convention (1793—1794) 1. Jacobin Club 2. G. Danton (17594794) 3. M. Robespierre (1758—1794) 4. The concept of class struggle 5. The concept of “ the people” F. “The Reign of Terror” (1793—1794) 1. 40,000 were executed and 300,000 imprisoned 2. The Reign of Terror came to an end when Robespierre Was executed on July 28, 1794 G. The Directory (1795—1799) III. Napoleon Bonaparte (1795— 1815) 1. Napoleon and the end of the Revolution 2. The Council of State 3. Continental Blockade 4. The codification of French law 5. Defeat at Waterloo in 1815 6. The Congress of Vienna 1815 France emerged with institutions favoring capitalism ...
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