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hist 1112 US part 2 - History 1112 A SKETCH OF U.S.HISTOR...

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Unformatted text preview: History 1112 A SKETCH OF U.S.HISTOR! 1820s—1877 I. Slavery and cotton boom: 1824-1861 A. Slavery( '1.5 million slaves by 1800) 1. Larger demand for raw cotton 2. Eli Whitney 3. Demand for land 4. Westward Expansion (a huge population shift) 5. African American families paid the highest price 6. Cherokee Indians were forcibly evicted 7. " Trail of Tears" II. Sectional interests 1. Southern plantation owners( about 5%) 2. They began to develop a new sense of themselves 3. Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820 4.The 1848 U.S. Mexican war 5. Industrialization (industrialization created free labor system and the process of commodification) 6.Immigration III. Reform -1. The “Second Great Awakening" 2. The theme of perfectionism spilled over into other domains 3. Antislavery Movement (Quakers) 4. The new anti—slavery movement was quite radical 5. William Lloyd Garrison wrote “ slavery is a sin in the eyes of God" IV. Civil war and Reconstruction: 1861-1877 A. Civil war 1. Expansion of Slavery 2. Republican Party 3.Abraham Lincoln wanted to contain slavery 4. Slave rebellion in Haiti 5. plantation owners wanted the expansion of slavery to the new western states 6. The election of Lincoln and process of secession 7. The confederate States of America 8. Jefferson Davis 9. The Congress adopted war Time Acts, designed to centralize power and promote industrialization The Mbrill Act of 1861 The National Banking Act of 1862 The Transcontinental Railroad Act of 1862 The Homestead Act of 1863 The Immigration Act of 1863 HUOWW 10.The effects of the war 11.the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments to the constitution V. Reconstruction 1863-1877 1. Lincoln was succeeded by Andrew Johnson 2. Debate about Reconstruction 3. Presidential Reconstruction 4. Radical Reconstruction 5. “40 Acres and a Mule" 6. Share croppers ...
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