Hist 1112 Nazism-1 - History 1112 National Socialism in Germany(Nazism I The collapse of the old order 1 In November 1918 Emperor William 11

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Unformatted text preview: History 1112 National Socialism in Germany (Nazism) I. The collapse of the old order 1. In November 1918 Emperor William 11 abdicated & fled to Holland 2. Workers and soldiers councils( soviets) 3. The German Communist Party 4. The Weimar Republic ( 1919-1932) II. The condition of Treaty of Versailles and Germany 1. German armed forces cut to the bone 2. War reparations 3. Permanent occupation of the Rhine Land 4. In the defeated and deeply distributed Germany, the Treaty of Versailles added humiliation 5. The war and inflation had destroyed the German confidence in themselves and their institution 6. The fear of revolution 7. In 1919 in Munich alone there existed 50 political associations. 8. The German Workers Party III. 9. Anti—Semitism in Germany Adolf Hitler( 1889—1945) 1. 2. 8. Hitler was the son of a minor Austrian customs official. At the outbreak of the First World War he volunteered into the German army . Hitler joined the German Workers Party in Munich in 1919 . In February 1920 Hitler announced the party’s program . In 1922 Hitler changed the name of the party to National Socialist German Workers Party( NAZISM) . The 1923 catastrophic decline in the value of Germany currency . The uprooted former soldiers swelled the ranks of private army The Bear Hall Putsch 9. General Ludendorff 10. ll. 12. The November 9, 1923 putsch was a failure Mein Kampf Hitler preached his doctrine of hatred for the Jews and fear of the communists 13. According to Hitler the struggle of races and not that of classes was the driving forces of history 14. The Teutonic race 15. The French as mongrels were “ inferior race” 16. His mastery of the irrational factors in politics 17. Nazism was not some terrible accident 18. The economic crisis of 1930 to 1932 helped the NAZI party 19. By the elections of 1932 Hitler’s party was the second most powerful party in Germany 20. The aged President Field Marshall Hindenburg appointed Hitler a Chancellor 21. Hitler persuaded Hindenburg for another election in 1933 22. On February 27, 1933, a spectacular fire gutted - the Reichstag building. 23. Hitler’s party pulled a working parliamentary majority in the election of 1933 24. Hitler dismantled the system by which he won power IV. Hitler’s Third Reich of Thousand years lasted from 1933— 1 945 1. 2. 10. ll. 12. V. The Fuehrer Hitler’s military spending created jobs . Gestapo was established to deal with his opponents( open terrorism) . Jews were fired from government jobs . The infamous Nuremberg laws of 1935 outlawed marriage and sexual relations between Jews and “ Aryans” . The first Victims of Nazi genocide were physically and mentally handicapped Germans . Emigration or deportation . In 1935 Hitler withdrew Germany from the League of Nations . In 1936 Hitler destroyed the Treaty of Versailles by reoccupying the Rhineland Austrian Republic: the first Victim in March 1938 In 1938 Hitler dismembered Czechoslovakia The September 1, 1939 German attack on Poland was the beginning of the Second World War. The causes of the Second World War VI. 1. Hitler’s dictatorship 2. The Treaty of Versailles angered almost all Germans 3. The economic depression of ( 1929-31) destroyed much of the spirit of friendship 4. The appeasement policies 5. The League of Nations 6. “ Blitzkrieg” The consequences of the Second World War 1. The most cruel and devastating conflict in history A.“ The Final Solution” B. Jews were not the only Victims of the Holocaust C. On per capital basis Poland was the main Victim of the war. D. Material and cultural destruction were beyond calculation 2. Why Germany lost the war? A. The American material and manpower contribution B. The Soviet forces 3. The rise of air power 4. The rise of the US. 5. The rise of the Soviet Union 6. Maj or European colonial powers were devastated. 7. The United Nations 8. The cold war 9. The development of nuclear power 10. The United Nations accepted the doctrine of self- determination for all colonized peoples 11.“The defeat of Nazi Germany and the horror of the Holocaust discredited racial ideologies and speeded up pressure for racial integration particularly in the United States” 11. The United Nations became an effective platform for venting the anger of the Third World nations ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course HIST 3200 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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Hist 1112 Nazism-1 - History 1112 National Socialism in Germany(Nazism I The collapse of the old order 1 In November 1918 Emperor William 11

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