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Unformatted text preview: IV. The Aztec Empire of Mexico 1. The Mexica 2. The Aztec state was geared for war 3. Religion and war 4. The ritual human sacrifice was an instrument of state terrorism 5. Social stratification 6. Emperor Moctezuma II (1502-1520) 7. The island city of Tenochtitlan: A world –class city (“ the foundation of Heaven”) 8. In 1519 this city seemed to be an impregnable fortress 9. Herman Cortes 3 10. Reasons for easy conquest V. The Inca Empire of Peru 1. State organization and bureaucratic control 2. Imperial unification 3. Great road builders 4. A policy of Mitima 5. Social stratification 6. The Inca Hauayna Capa died in 1530 7. Power struggle between Huascar and Atahualpha 8. The Inca Atahualpha (1532) 9. Francisco Pizarro 10. Reasons for easy conquest...
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