SAC 272- Response Paper #2

SAC 272- Response Paper #2 - Wang 1 Sasha Wang SAC 272...

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Wang 1 Sasha Wang SAC 272- Winter 2008 Daniel Herbert March 27, 2008 Response Paper #2 “Formalists” and “realists” individually fail in cinematically achieving a perfect balance between art and reality. Art has a message or opinion that is successfully depicted by formalists like Sergei Eisenstein through editing and juxtaposing; it alludes to reality, but deliberately does not replicate it. Eisenstein’s use of montage juxtaposes two representational shots that correspond to a concept and create a figurative effect. This figurative effect exposes the spectator to the formalist artist’s interpretation. Eisenstein fears that the exposure of sound would hinder development and improvement of cinema as an art form. However, this lack of sound actually thwarts the cinematic depiction of reality. On the other hand, realists like André Bazin advocate the use of sound to portray reality, but reject montage because it gives the mind too many guidelines and directions on how to think. The realists’ utilization of the depth-of- focus lets the mind, rather than the camera, be more active and interpret on its own. Yet, this literal translation of reality prevents the realist from conveying his artistic opinion. Therefore, the formalists’ rejection of the realists’ reality and the realists’ rejection of the formalists’ editorial revelation cripple both groups’ ability to create a perfect artistic balance in cinema; integration of these two groups is essential. Eisenstein isolates what he wants to show through intercutting while Bazin shows everything present in the photographic image. As Eisenstein cuts from one shot to another, he creates powerful and emotional intensification. The editing allows the lens to speak the editor’s
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Wang 2 language and skip space and time. This montage does not mirror reality for the spectator, but affects his thought process. The artist’s idea is derived from a collision of two independent shots attempting to have both “whole essence” and technical foundation.
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