Black%20Women%20in%20the%20African%20Diaspora - Black Women...

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Unformatted text preview: Black Women in the African Diaspora Women in the United States Women in the Caribbean What is the Caribbean? Black Women in the Caribbean Polyglot, impact of class, race, color, ethnicity, religion, geographical location, nationality, geopolitical influences (British, French, Spanish, Dutch) Chapter 25 Breakdown Explain color, nationalism, and class (e.g. Sammy Sosa) Legacy of Caribbean History European "ideal" versus Caribbean "reality" in the social structure, family and kinship Tourism and work Health, sexuality, and HIV/AIDS Women's literature Creolization in Slavery and Colonialism Historical Overview Construction of women as invisible African (Akan, Yoruba, Ibo, Twi), Native American (Taino, Caribs, Arawak, Garifuna), East Indian (Guyana & Trinidad), Chinese, Middle Eastern Not recognized in memory (labor strikes 1930s and working class ideology, activism on the picket line, anticolonial) Nanny (obeah) Dona Mariana Grajales de Maceo of Santiago de Cuba "Mother of Cuba" Family Structure Nuclear (wife, husband, children) Commonlaw (nuclear without legal sanctions) Visiting unions (woman and children with a nonresident boyfriend, or nonresident children's father) Marriage as not economically feasible Families thus are typically matriarchal in nature Independence vs. Autonomy (individual and collective responsibility/communal reciprocity) Impact of "Female Responsibility" (economic production) Independence = describes one's own source of economic support (employment,, other incomegenerating activities Autonomy= implies exercising options while making decisions for oneself and having control over one's own destiny w/ no strings attached Current Issues on Women in the Caribbean Sexism (denial to equal opportunity and resources, double responsibility private and public life) Tourism (largest industry) Sex Segregated occupations (housekeeping, bar maids, craft vendors) "NonTraditional" (hotel managers, dive shop owners, and head cooks) "Exotic Other" (sex tourism) Sexual exploitation, white collar crimes Problem of Maternal Mortality Caribbean Health, Sexuality, and HIV/AIDS Lack of Basic prenatal health care, nutrition, education, and support (financial backing) Women's social status and economic disempowerment also are causes for HIV/AIDS Sexual relations framed by violence, coercion, and presumption of male ownership of women High Illiteracy Rates contribute to problem Common Themes Caribbean Literature Paule Marshall and Jamaica Kincaid Domination and resistance to colonialism Back and forth migration in the Diaspora Female Sexuality and relationships Significance of land and space in understanding social interaction and power Centrality of storytelling and spirituality Nationalism and transnational connections Neocolonial relationships Subjectivities in construction of home and identity Black Women in the United States Maria Stewart (1803 1879) Arguably first black woman to publicly speak on women's rights (development of self interests, become teachers, combine family and work outside home, opposed subservience to men, participation in community building Was a lecturer in 1832 and denounced men for resenting her presence as a female leader (particularly in the church) Black Women in the United States Anna Julia Cooper Published 1st full length black feminist text, A Voice from the South in 1892 Attended 1st Pan African Congress in London (1900) Frustrated by black men who opposed higher ed. for women Black Women in the United States Alice Dunbar Nelson Teacher, Club woman, journalist, and writer Secretary of National Association of Colored Women Heavily involved in antilynching and suffrage rights in early 20th century Wife of Paul Laurence Dunbar Black Women in the United States Pauli Murray Lawyer, professor, ordained priest, civil rights activist, feminist, writer 1st black woman to earn J.D. from Yale Member of President Kennedy's Commission on the Status of Women 1st Black woman to be ordained an Episcopalian priest Active Title VII (equal employment in labor) Espoused "Jane Crow" Black Women in the United States Post 1970 Feminists Combahee River Collective, Cheryl Clarke, Barbara Smith (eradication of homophobia, impact of lesbianism) Deborah King (Multiple Jeopardy race, gender, class) Patricia Hill Collins (Black Feminist Thought) bell hooks (racism in feminist movement, sexism among both blacks & whites) Barbara Ransby ...
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