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Unformatted text preview: The Black Nadir
HayesTilden Compromise Disfranchisement Lynching Sharecropping New South New South ideology of material progress and sectional harmony, joined to the broader effort of controlling economic development in the region in the interest of social stability New South Ideology set out a program of economic progress through industrial development, peaceful coexistence with the North, and agricultural diversification South was approximately in 5 billion dollars in debt (including losses) Hayes Tilden Compromise Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) Samuel Tilden (Democrat) Promises to South and federal troops Sharecropping Crop Lien System Convict Leasing Disfranchisement Removal of the ability to vote Poll Tax Grandfather clause Literacy Test Contradiction of the Civil Rights Act 1875 and Black Codes Lynching Ku Klux Klan Reasons for lynching 1866 (Pulaski, Tennessee) Accusations versus reality (fear of equality, assertion to maintain superiority/inferiority dynamic) Causes of Lynching Classified (18821968) Homicides (40%) Assault (4%) Rape (19%) Attempted rape (6%) Robbery and theft (4%), Insult to a white person (1%) All other causes (22%) Subjective Lynching cont. States and Lynching (1880s 1920s) 1. Mississippi= 561(517 black, 44 white) 2. Georgia= 549 (510 black, 39 white) 3. Texas= 534 (includes blacks, whites, Mexicans) 4. Louisiana= 409 (347 black, 62 white) 5. Alabama= 356 (301 black, 52 white) 20. Indiana= 52 (41 white, 11 black) 21. California= 50 (48 white, 2 black) 25. Illinois= 32 (13 white, 19 black) Oklahoma (11. 141= 97w,44b), Montana (15. 89= 87w, 2b) ...
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- Spring '10