mid term review - Sara Winik Africa 247 Midterm Review...

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Africa 247 Midterm Review BRING A BLUE BOOK Abolition of slave trade: The slave trade begins in the 15 th century w/ the Ports and its height is the 18 th century. The Brits abolish it in 1807 but use their moral justification to say that they are superior then other nations. However they really just want to begin colonizing to save the Africans from themselves who through wars etc capture other Africans and sell them into slavery. This is significant because it begins industrial rev in England and decreases plantations b/c too costly. But did not end slave trade even w/ patrol boats-still market for slaves in brazil. Gave way to legit commerce which still needed slaves. Afrikaner nationalism: after boer war of 1907 and ended in 1910. Between 1910-1940 union government (white) passed laws that segregated the country and lay foundation for apartherid and white domination in inning and land ownership. Benin punitive expedition: Britain wants a trade agreement w the people of Benin but local people murdered Mr. Philips the vice council general who went to try to make it. So Brits went into kingdom and looted the palace and took 1000 bronze plaques and sold them to pay for punitive expedition. 46 days later benin was conquered and destroyed. Significant b/c showed cruelty to Africans for example after conquered wouldn’t let Africans wear shoes and also showed African intelligence because didn’t think they could make bronze. Berlin conference: Britain used to be leading indistrial nation but by 19 th century other countries like Germany were threatening power. All thought that to show power needed colonies in Africa so wanted to assert claim and not be left out. 1884 conference started by Bismark and all met to sort out exisiting territory claims and lay rules for future land claims. Decided you need not just to claim land but do something with it-fly flag, have police/military to keep order, use its econ and have treaties w/ local rulers. Followed by 1890s race to get land but no 2 countries fought b/c of it. Peaceful collaboration. Boer war: fought because British capitalists wanted gold mines so wanted land Boers were on. Minning was in the hands of a few British who had monopoly. President Paul Kreuger taxed the Brits and denied them political rights so can’t vote because elarge population and would take him out of power. So Brits did Jamison Raid and it fails but leave Boers mad at Brits so want to join Germany in war and starts war. End in union of SA forming 1910. Leads to Afrikaner nationalism and apartheid. Cape liberalism: 1853 there is a constitutional assembly in the cape colony and there are no racial stipulations in it so seems like black and whites are equal. There was the idea that whites should educate blacks, break up chief power and use missionaries. As opposed to natal area where whites thought blacks should be confined on reservations. Before 1936 land owning blacks could vote (11,000 could) but boers threatened and
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course POLISCI 111 taught by Professor Lupia during the Fall '07 term at University of Michigan.

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mid term review - Sara Winik Africa 247 Midterm Review...

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