Exam 1 Psych 280 - Chapter 1 Outline Social Psychology the scientific study of how individuals think feel and behave in a social context Scientific

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Chapter 1 Outline Social Psychology- the scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a social context. Scientific Study- the scientific method of systematic observation descriptio, and measurement to the study of the human condition. Think, Feel, and Behave- individuals’ attitudes toward particular groups of people, or how their attitudes are affected by their peers or their mood. Strive to establish general principles of attitude formation and change that apply in a variety of situations, rather than exclusively to particular domains. Social Context- Example: social psychologist may study whether heat causes people to behave more aggressively. The social aspect is: people hurting each other. These are studies of social psychology because the thoughts, feelings, or behaviors either (a) concern other people or (b) are influenced by other people. Power of Social Context- the social nature is so deep that our perceptions of something can be influenced more by the reactions of others to it than by the thing itself. Experiment: During a debate Ragan had delivered a pair of witty one-liners that created laughter among the audience. Psychologists wanted to see if the reaction of the crowd affected the viewers opinion. There were participants to saw an unedited version of the tape, participants who saw a version with the jokes and no audience reaction, and participants who saw a version with the jokes but no audience reaction. The result: Participants who saw a version with the jokes left in but the audience reaction edited out (suggesting that the audience didn’t find the jokes funny) rated Reagan much more negatively. Social Psychology and Sociology- Sociology tends to focus on the group level, and sociologists most often study the relation between people’s behaviors and societal variables. Social psychology tends to focus on the individual level, and they are more likely to study the relation between people’s behaviors and more specific, immediate variables, such as manipulations of mood and exposure to particular models of behavior. Social Psychology and Clinical Psychology- Clinical psychologists seek to understand and treat people with psychological difficulties or disorders. Social Psychologists focus on the more typical ways in which individuals think, behave, and influence each other. Social Psychology and Personality Psychology- Personality Psychology seeks to understand differences between individuals that remain stable across a variety of situations. Social Psychology seeks to understand how social factors affect most individuals, regardless of their different personalities. Social Psychology and Cognitive Psychology- Cognitive psychology studies mental processes such as thinking, learning, remembering, and reasoning. Social psychologists are interested in how people think, learn, remember and reason with respect to social behavior.
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The Birth of Social Psychology 1880-1920 Early research by Triplett and Ringelmann established an enduring topic in social
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2011 for the course PSYCH 280 taught by Professor Bushman during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Exam 1 Psych 280 - Chapter 1 Outline Social Psychology the scientific study of how individuals think feel and behave in a social context Scientific

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