Psych Exam 1 - Chapter 3: The Social Self The Self- Concept...

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Chapter 3: The Social Self The Self- Concept Cocktail Party Effect- the tendency of people to pick a personally relevant stimulus, like a name, out of a complex and noisy environment. Self-Reference Effect- the tendency for information related to the self be more readily processed and remember than other types of information. Self- concept- set of beliefs and perceptions about oneself. This includes recognizing oneself as a distinct entity, it is made up of “self-schemas”, and helps determine how we behave. Self- Schemas- the way of knowing ourselves and knowing our emotions. Schematic- key beliefs that guide actions (being schematic about weight). Aschematic- does not regard their weight as an extreme part of lives. Introspection- self-knowledge is derived from introspection, a looking inward at one’s own thoughts and feelings. When participants are asked to analyze the reasons for how they left, the attitudes they said did not correspond to their behavior. This happens because people are usually too busy processing information. Affective Forecasting- people have difficulty projecting forward and predicting how they would feel in response to a future emotional event. People underestimate the extent to which our psychological coping mechanisms help us. Impact Bias- the tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of our emotional reactions to future events—even when we know what the future event is likely to entail. Focalism- tendency to overestimate how much we will think about the event and to underestimate the extent to which other events will influence our thoughts and feelings. Wilson and Gilbert (2005)- students were asked to predict how happy they would be with their dorm assignments, compared predicted happiness to actual happiness and they both ended up having nearly identical levels of happiness. Self- Perception Theory- when internal cues are difficult to interpret people gain self- insight by observing their own behavior. This doesn’t work for strong attitudes, you are aware of strong situational pressures. Chaiken & Baldwin (1981)- when people are gently coaxed into saying or doing something, and when they are not otherwise certain about how they feel, they often come to view themselves in ways that are consistent with their public statements and behaviors. Participants: preselected for opinions about environment (very green, very conventional, unsure). IV: manipulated perceptions of environment-related behaviors. Do you FREQUENTLY recycle? Do you OCCASIONALLY recycle? DV: What’s your attitude about the environment. If you are unsure then you’re answer is usually going to change. Facial Feedback Hypothesis- states that changes in facial expression can trigger corresponding changes in the subjective experience of emotions. (pen in teeth: enables smile, pen in lips: prevents smile). Over justification Effect-
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2011 for the course PSYCH 280 taught by Professor Bushman during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Psych Exam 1 - Chapter 3: The Social Self The Self- Concept...

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