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whats the deal paper - Smith Nikki Smith November 9 2009...

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Smith Nikki Smith November 9, 2009 History 2620 “What’s the Deal?” People like the character Jim Morrison were thought to be the most unfortunate during the time of the Great Depression. Already unemployed, it was now even more difficult find work while businesses across the country began to shut down. An advantage that Jim had was that he was young and fairly healthy. Born in North Carolina, he now roams the country trying to pick up odd jobs in hopes of adding to the $50 he keeps in his billfold. Jim was fortunate that he was the only child causing him not to have to share the little food that his parents could provide while they worked in the mills of North Carolina. “During the Great Depression, the unemployment rate rose to 25 percent in 1933, the highest in American history” (Mertz, 45). Lucky for Jim, he was already unemployed so he didn’t have much to lose. As the Depression went on, the newly elected President Franklin D. Roosevelt enacted new economic policies and programs in efforts to changes the country’s current economic condition. These programs would become known as “Alphabet Soup” or more formally, “The New Deal”. Prior to the New Deal programs, local relief agencies were set up to aid the unemployed and starving. The agencies were more prevalent in big cities, but not so much in Concord, North Carolina where Jim was from. This is when Jim decided to roam the country and look for work and agencies that could help him. Unlike the optimism of nomads in earlier days that moved about the country looking for adventure, gold, or the new and open West, a sense of desperation inhabited people like Jim and many others who searched the country looking for food, work, and shelter. During the “What’s The Deal?” game, several of the New Deal programs that were enacted proved to be in Jim’s favor such as the Civil Works Administration and Federal Emergency Relief Administration. Some proved to have a negative effective on the unemployed such as the Smoot-Hawley Tariff, and others proved to have no effect at all on Jim such as the Emergency Banking Relief, Homeowners Loan Corporation. One of the bills passed during the Page | 1 
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Smith New Deal was the Social Security Act which proved to have a negative impact on Jim in the short run but gave him “hope” towards a better future. As the game progressed Jim seemed to lose money with programs that had no true effect in stabilizing life in North Carolina such as the Agricultural Adjustment Act where the North Carolina tobacco farms were a low priority (Badger, 38). or gain money with programs that either helped the unemployed find jobs or become able to afford homes such as the Federal Housing Administration. There were several New Deal agencies that had no effect on Jim at all such as the Wagner Act and the Rural Electrification Administration. Although some of the agencies may have had a negative effect on Jim, they still gave him “hope” for a brighter future to come such as the Social Security Act of 1935.
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