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Unformatted text preview: Abnormal Psychology area within psychology that deals with maladaptive behavior Stigma In medicine, a mark indicating a history of disease or abnormality. In general, some characteristic that leads to disgrace, reproach, or discrimination by others. Adaptation dynamic process by which an individual responds to his or her environment and the changes that occur within it; ability to modify one's behavior to meet changing requirements; influenced by ones' personal characteristics and the type of situation Maladaptive Behavior behavior that deals inadequately with a situation, especially one that is stressful Exorcism rituals designed to expel evil spirits that are believed to be causing illness or deviant behavior Shaman in traditional cultures, inspired priest of medium who can summon up and communicate with good and evil spirits Trephination process of making a circular hole in the skull. In early times this was done to allow evil spirits to escape. Organismic point of view Pertaining to the organism as a whole rather than to particular parts. Behavior is considerred an interrelated and interactive function of the integrated organism Humors The four essential bodily fluids-blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm-that were believed to cause various disorders from ancient times through the medieval period. Natural fool A term coined during the middle ages that pertained to a mentally retarded person whose intellectual capacities had never progressed beyond those of a child Non Compos Mentis A term coined during the middle ages that pertained to a person who did not show mental disability at birth. However, their deviant behavior was not continuous, and they might show long periods of recovery. (not of sound mind) Saint Augustine's Confessions revealed his innermost thoughts, temptations, and fears. demonstrated that introspection and exploration of the individual's emotional life could be valuable sources of psychological knowledge The Anatomy of Melancholy by Robert Burton focuses on the emotional core of depression and observed that depressed people tend to be very angry, not only with themselves, but with others as well. Physiognomy the art of judging human character or personality from facial features Phrenology obsolete theory that different psychological behaviors were related to different parts of the brain and that these could be assessed by touching the surface of the skull Baquet a tub filled with magnetized water used for treatment of emotional crises by Mesmer during the Age of Reason and Enlightenment Medical Inquiries and Observations Upon the Diseases of the Mind by Benjamin Rush; the first American textbook on psychiatry. during the Reform Movement A Mind That Found Itself by Clifford Beers who recorded his experiences as a mental patient. Lead to improvement of care and treatment of the mentally ill....
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- Spring '09
- Abnormal Psychology