45+Week+2+Lecture+1 - Out of Africa, Agriculture

45+Week+2+Lecture+1 - Out of Africa, Agriculture - IAS 45...

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Unformatted text preview: IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 2 Lecture 1: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 email: joseph_lough@berkeley.edu Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky rbrahinsky@berkeley.edu Patrick Hazelton phazelton@berkeley.edu Johntell Washington johntell@berkeley.edu Review Introductions The Syllabus Survey of World History the value of history and the value of public life res publica and the public sphere five basic lessons of world history human beings have no basic or innate drive to adopt a sedentary, agricultural, stratified, hierarchical, or patriarchal way of life Review Survey of World History five basic lessons of world history wherever we find the artifacts of civilization (writing, jewelry, buildings, pottery, weapons), we find hierarchy, stratification, domination, patriarchy when civilizations emerge, the most developed do not emerge in the west when civilization does emerge in the west, it comes late and is the product of a new social formation western civilization is a non sequiter Preview Out of Africa: Theory and Debate The Anxious Search for Origins Precursors of Modern Humans The First Modern Humans Art and Language Beginnings of Food Production Emergence of Agriculture in Other Areas Revolutions in Social Organization Out of Africa: Theory and Debate Common African heritage Modern human exodus only 100,000 years ago Differences are mostly cultural The Anxious Search for Origins Multiple Origins a very smart animal us and not us Cain and Abel Original Fragmentation: the grand dispersal there is plenty of land there is plenty of stuff there is plenty of time Precursors to Modern Humans Evolutionary Findings and Research Methods Universe 15 billion years old Earth 4.5 billion years old African apes 23 million years ago Gorillas Chimpanzees Hominids Precursors to Modern Humans Evolutionary Findings and Research Methods Hominid traits began to set them apart Bipedalism Ability to carry objects and use weapons Ability to control and make fire Design and use of tools Development of larger brain Language Self-awareness Precursors to Modern Humans Evolutionary Findings and Research Methods Hominid traits fully in place 50,000 years ago 12,000 B.C.E. marks big advance to sedentary villages Precursors to Modern Humans Early Hominids and Adaptation Discovery of Australopithecus africanus in South Africa Six distinct species Not humans Lucy discovered in northern Africa To survive, hominids had to adapt and evolve Many early hominids died out No direct genetic line to modern men and women Precursors to Modern Humans...
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course IAS 45 taught by Professor Karras during the Spring '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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45+Week+2+Lecture+1 - Out of Africa, Agriculture - IAS 45...

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