45+Week+2+Lecture+2 - Agriculture, Social Organization, Epic of Gilgamesh, Genesis and Second Samuel

45+Week+2+Lecture+2 - Agriculture, Social Organization, Epic of Gilgamesh, Genesis and Second Samuel

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IAS 45 Survey of World  History Week 2 Lecture 1: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 • email:  [email protected] Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky [email protected] Patrick Hazelton [email protected] Johntell Washington [email protected]
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Review Out of Africa: Theory and Debate The Anxious Search for Origins Precursors of Modern Humans The First Modern Humans Art and Language Beginnings of Food Production
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Preview Beginnings of Food Production Emergence of Agriculture in Other Areas Revolutions in Social Organization Settlement, Pastorialism, and Trade Between Two Rivers: Mesopotamia (5500- 2000 B.C.E.)  Indus Valley: A Parallel Culture
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The Beginnings of Food  Production Southwest Asia: The Revolution Begins  Agricultural revolution occurred in Southwest  Asia  Fertile Crescent place of rich soils and regular  rainfall  Four large mammals domesticated (goats,  sheep, pigs, cattle)  Horses came to the area from steppes  Climate changed led to more plants in the  area
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The Beginnings of Food  Production Southwest Asia: The Revolution Begins  9000 B.C.E.: Jordan River valley people  began to domesticate barley and wheat  Selected and stored seeds for later planting  Land between Tigris and Euphrates remained  in small communities  Before 5500 B.C.E., flood and drought prevented  agricultural advances in the area  Competition from other areas would eventually  lead to early attempts to control river 
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Emergence of Agriculture in  Other Areas  Similar agricultural revolutions occurred all  over the world  Internally generated or borrowed technology  Regional variations because of climate,  geography, and preexisting social  organizations 
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Emergence of Agriculture in  Other Areas Rice and Water in East Asia  Melting glaciers in 13,000 B.C.E. led to  environmental changes  Japanese islands formed  Large animals became extinct  Began to cultivate crops  River basins and lakes formed in Asia  Yellow and Yangzi river valleys became  heavily populated
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Emergence of Agriculture in  Other Areas Rice and Water in East Asia  Rice domesticated by 6500 B.C.E.; millet by  5500 B.C.E.  Grain, tools, and technical knowledge spread  throughout East Asia  Pottery making for storage and polished stone  axes for clearing fields  Regional agriculture differences affected  cultures and aesthetics of the people in those  regions 
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Emergence of Agriculture in  Other Areas Spread of Agriculture to Europe  Domestication ideas came from other areas 
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45+Week+2+Lecture+2 - Agriculture, Social Organization, Epic of Gilgamesh, Genesis and Second Samuel

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