45+Week+8+Lecture+1 - Americas, Transformation of Europe, Slave Trade

45+Week+8+Lecture+1 - Americas, Transformation of Europe, Slave Trade

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Unformatted text preview: IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 7 Lecture 2: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 email: joseph_lough@berkeley.edu Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky rbrahinsky@berkeley.edu Patrick Hazelton phazelton@berkeley.edu Johntell Washington johntell@berkeley.edu Review Finish up Machiavelli Common Cultures in the Americas The Americas 1491 Holmbergs Mistake Why Billington Survived Large Numbers Pleistocene Wars Review European Exploration and Expansion Preview Problem Formation Tips The Atlantic World First Encounters First conquests Worlds Entangled Increasing Economic Linkages and Social and Political Effects (Mercantilism) New Colonies in the Americas Preview Worlds Entangled The Slave Trade and Africa The Great Divergence Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Transformations of Europe The Wealth of Nations The Atlantic World The Aztec empire and the Spanish conquest Mexica Society In Mesoamerica, the Mexica had created a large, complex empire that embraced perhaps 25 million people The Aztec state was based on extensive kinship networks Priest played a powerful role as well The Mexica believed in a cyclical universe and a coming apocalypse Captives were sacrificed to the gods The Atlantic World The Aztec empire and the Spanish conquest Mexica Society From 1440 onward, the Aztec empire was under stress Conquered people on the periphery were rebelling The Atlantic World Corts and Conquest Hernan Corts arrived in early sixteenth century Aztec ruler Moctezuma and his ministers feared Corts and his men were the god Quetzalcotl and his entourage and sent emissaries to distract them, but made little effort to fortify the empire Doa Marina, a daughter of a local Indian noble farmer, was the key to translating between Aztecs and Spanish Corts made alliances with aggrieved Aztec enemies The Atlantic World Corts and Conquest Corts entered the Aztec capital, Tenochtitln, in 1519 and captured Moctezuma, who then ruled as a Spanish puppet The Atlantic World Corts and Conquest (contd) The Aztecs rose in rebellion two years later but were defeated by the Spanish and their allies Spanish had more advanced technology Aztecs fought to capture, not to kill Diseases brought over by the Spanish wiped out much of the Aztec population and made resistance all the more difficult Corts became governor of the colony New Spain The Atlantic World The Incas...
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course IAS 45 taught by Professor Karras during the Spring '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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45+Week+8+Lecture+1 - Americas, Transformation of Europe, Slave Trade

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