45+Week+8+Lecture+2 - Capitalism and Religion, Birth of Modern Religion

45+Week+8+Lecture+2 - Capitalism and Religion, Birth of Modern Religion

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Unformatted text preview: IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 8 Lecture 2: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 • email: [email protected] Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky [email protected] Patrick Hazelton [email protected] Johntell Washington [email protected] Review • Problem Formation Tips • The Atlantic World – First Encounters – First conquests • Worlds Entangled – Increasing Economic Linkages and Social and Political Effects (Mercantilism) – New Colonies in the Americas Review • Worlds Entangled – The Slave Trade and Africa • The Wealth of Nations • The Great Divergence – Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – Transformations of Europe Preview • Fighting words: politics, sex, and religion • From A Smith to Asia • The Great Divergence – Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – Transformations of Europe • An old debate: the relationship between capitalism and religion • The Birth of Modern Religion Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century • Europeans were not so dominant in Asian trade networks as they were in the Atlantic world. • Yet by 1750 parts of Asia were beginning to feel the brunt of growing European military, political, and economic power Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century • The Dutch in Southeast Asia – The Dutch government chartered the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1602 to challenge the Portuguese and Spanish influence in the Indian Ocean system • Because of Amsterdam’s financial strength, the VOC was able to raise more capital than any of its European competitors Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century • The Dutch in Southeast Asia (cont’d) – The Dutch government chartered the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1602 to challenge the Portuguese and Spanish influence in the Indian Ocean system (cont’d) • The VOC’s goal was to achieve a trade monopoly wherever it could – In the 1620s, the VOC seized the city of Jakarta (which they renamed Batavia) on the island of Java and the nutmeg-producing islands known as Banda and proceeded to monopolize the nutmeg trade Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century • The Dutch in Southeast Asia (cont’d) – The Dutch government chartered the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1602 to challenge the Portuguese and Spanish influence in the Indian Ocean system (cont’d) • The VOC’s goal was to achieve a trade monopoly wherever it could – monopolize the nutmeg trade – The VOC went on to capture the cities of Melaka and Banten in an effort to control the entire spice trade in...
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45+Week+8+Lecture+2 - Capitalism and Religion, Birth of Modern Religion

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