45+Week+9+Lecture+1 - Birth of Modern Religion, Revolutions, Federalist Papers, Imagined Communities

45+Week+9+Lecture+1 - Birth of Modern Religion, Revolutions, Federalist Papers, Imagined Communities

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IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 9 Lecture 1: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 • email: [email protected] Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky [email protected].edu Patrick Hazelton [email protected] Johntell Washington [email protected]
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Review From A Smith to Asia The Great Divergence Asia in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Transformations of Europe An old debate: the relationship between capitalism and religion The Birth of Modern Religion
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Preview The Birth of Modern Religion Revolutionary Transformations and New Languages of Freedom The North American War of Independence, 1776-1783 The Federalist Papers The French Revolution Napoleon’s Empire Revolutions in the Caribbean and Iberian America
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The Birth of Modern Religion Time, Value, and the emergence of the Sublime What is the sublime? Why is the sublime!? The Logic of the Sublime natural scientific explanation only works if freedom (i.e., contingency) is not a factor: closed causal relationships ethics only works if moral agents are not compelled by natural law to perform acts against their will
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The Birth of Modern Religion Time, Value, and the emergence of the Sublime The Logic of the Sublime nature and freedom mutually exclude one another natural science and ethics are two completely isolated ways of reflecting on the world and, yet, human beings are both natural beings and ethical beings where these two dimensions of human being meet is called “the sublime”
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The Birth of Modern Religion Time, Value, and the emergence of the Sublime The production of the sublime the social generalization of abstract time brings us to naturally isolate the spiritual world from the material world; value from its material form of appearance immaterial abstract value assumes a hostile posture toward its material form of appearance the material world constitutes a continuous threat to the immaterial essence of human being
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The Birth of Modern Religion Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, GFW Hegel, and the sublime the sublime is violent the sublime is something that attracts us because it is threatening it helps to explain why we are more attracted to soldiers than to politicians it helps to explain why our world is so terribly violent and spiritual
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The Escalation of (officially sanctioned mass) Violence Some social psychologists maintain that our world is far less violent than the worlds of our distant ancestors we are less subject to plagues pestilence arbitrary violence, whether state sanctioned or individual But . . .
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Officially Sanctioned Mass Violence since the 17 th century
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The Birth of Modern Religion Why do violence and spirituality belong together in mature capitalist societies?
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