45+Week+11+Lecture+2 - Hegel, Smith and Marx, China Revolution, India Revolution, Africa

45+Week+11+Lecture+2 - Hegel, Smith and Marx, China Revolution, India Revolution, Africa

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IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 9 Lecture 2: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 • email: joseph_lough@berkeley.edu Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky rbrahinsky@berkeley.edu Patrick Hazelton phazelton@berkeley.edu Johntell Washington johntell@berkeley.edu
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Review a friend’s ivory figurines official nationalism and imperialism the last wave patriotism and racism the angel of history Why the Belgian Congo?
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Preview History and Progress the problem of European exceptionalism the problem with historical patterns the problem with social logical the problem with social domination Reactions to Social and Political Change Prophecy and Revitalization in the Islamic World and Africa
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Preview Prophecy and Rebellion in China Utopians, Socialists, and Radicals in Europe Insurgencies Against Colonizing and Centralizing States
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The Angel of History A Klee painting named “Angelus” Novus” shows an angel looking as though he is about to move away from something he is fixedly contemplating. His eyes are starting, his mouth is open, his wings are spread. This is how one pictures the angel of history. His face is turned toward the past. Where we perceive a chain of events, he sees one single catastrophe which keeps piling wreckage upon
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History and Progress the problem of European exceptionalism A Smith’s Wealth of Nations a natural propensity to truck, barter, and exchange why don’t most nations display this natural propensity? European rights (obligations) of conquest and domination the civilizing mission of Europe the obligation of superior to rule over inferior races King Leopold of Belgium points the way
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History and Progress the problem of European exceptionalism the formation of new abstract identities B Anderson’s Imagined Communities Nations, races, ethnes responding to the manifestly false claim that we are all equal an attempt to ways that groups that otherwise differ dramatically might be “equality” (race, nation) an attempt to identify reasons for difference beyond the scope of social, political, economic action why did these new forms appear here and nowhere else?
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History and Progress the problem with historical patterns historical patterning is not new problem with the rise and decline of empires (Mayan, North African, Vedic, Roman, Chinese) problem of human suffering: a new world either through retreat from the world of appearances through divine intervention the absence of secular progress (hoc saeculum , venturi saeculi ); but no progress from here to there
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History and Progress the problem with historical patterns instead of moving in time (which is unchanging), time itself moves time has a spatial and social dimension Hegel’s problem our predecessors (Greeks, Romans, Jews, early Christians) did not know what we know they did not experience or understand the world as we experience and understand it
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45+Week+11+Lecture+2 - Hegel, Smith and Marx, China Revolution, India Revolution, Africa

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