45+Week+12+Lecture+1 - Hegel and Marx, Imperialism and Culture

45+Week+12+Lecture+1 - Hegel and Marx, Imperialism and Culture

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Unformatted text preview: IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 12 Lecture 1: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 • email: [email protected] Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky [email protected] Patrick Hazelton [email protected] Johntell Washington [email protected] Review • History and Progress – the problem of European exceptionalism – the problem with historical patterns – the problem with social logical – the problem with social domination • Reactions to Social and Political Change • Prophecy and Revitalization in the Islamic World and Africa Review • Prophecy and Rebellion in China Preview • Making sense of Hegel and Marx • Utopians, Sots, and Radicals in Europe • Insurgencies Against Colonizing and Centralizing States Making Sense of Hegel and Marx • Is Hegel’s Method Historical? – Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis • a processual or progressive historical model – history is moving forward – when one cluster of events or processes abuts another, the two annihilate one another while forming a third, new cluster • change is progressive; the new is higher, more developed, better – Totality • all places and times appear comprehensible and rational NEW Making Sense of Hegel and Marx • Is Hegel’s Method Historical? – Totality • all places and times appear comprehensible and rational • our knowledge does appear to be cumulative and increasingly comprehensive – viewed from other social formations • more primitive, or • simply a different set of values? Making Sense of Hegel and Marx • Is Marx’s method revolutionary? – early Marx • when capitalists employ laborers and only return to them some of the value they have earned through their work • labor comes to be alienated from the value it has created • the social fabric will be healed when labor not only creates all value—which is what A Smith and GFW Hegel both argued; but also • when labor owns and controls all value Making Sense of Hegel and Marx • Is Marx’s method revolutionary? – early Marx • does not challenge the fundamental nature of value creation under capitalism • only challenges the distribution of value • suggests that the solution could be – revolutionary: seize private property and the means of production; or – evolutionary: increasingly socialize property and the means of production • not necessarily revolutionary Making Sense of Hegel and Marx • Is Marx’s method revolutionary?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course IAS 45 taught by Professor Karras during the Spring '07 term at Berkeley.

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45+Week+12+Lecture+1 - Hegel and Marx, Imperialism and Culture

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