45+Week+13+Lecture+1 - Progress, Upheaval and Movement, Discontent with Imperialism, Worldwide Insec

45+Week+13+Lecture+1 - Progress, Upheaval and Movement, Discontent with Imperialism, Worldwide Insec

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IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 13 Lecture 1: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 • email: joseph_lough@berkeley.edu Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky rbrahinsky@berkeley.edu Patrick Hazelton phazelton@berkeley.edu Johntell Washington johntell@berkeley.edu
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Review Getting Ready for War Expansion and Nation-State Building in the Americas Consolidation of Nation-States in Europe Imperialism Imperialism and Culture Empire 2.0
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Preview Progress, Upheaval, and Movement Discontent with Imperialism Worldwide Insecurities Cultural Modernism
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Progress, Upheaval, and Movement Some benefited from changes in the years before 1914; others faced social and economic frustration In Europe and the United States, left-wing radicals and middle-class reformers sought political and social change In places colonized by Europe and the United States, resentment grew toward colonial rulers and indigenous collaborators Revolutions in China, Mexico, and Russia toppled autocratic regimes
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Progress, Upheaval, and Movement New industries drove economic growth and urbanization Growing capitalism also led to rising inequalities Industrialization changed how and where people worked Widespread rural-to-urban migration Cities gained magnificent new cultural institutions such as museums and libraries, which at least a minority of residents had the leisure time and disposable income to enjoy
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Progress, Upheaval, and Movement New industries drove economic growth and urbanization Cities also housed millions in crowded, disease-ridden slums Conflicts between the rich and the poor abounded, particularly when city administrations tried to improve or beautify urban blight
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Progress, Upheaval, and Movement European and North American intellectuals worried about the world’s future; they wrote about the downside of progress The writings of intellectuals of the type labeled modernism Modernist ideas circulated the globe including European and North American colonies
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Progress, Upheaval, and Movement Peoples in Motion Mass emigration took place globally Europeans moved to America and Australia Indians moved to other parts of South Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean Chinese moved to North and South America, New Zealand, Hawaii, and West Indies, and Southeast Asia Many migrated within their own country
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Progress, Upheaval, and Movement Peoples in Motion Varied reasons why people emigrated Mine workers Colonial officials and soldiers Missionaries Merchants and traders
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Progress, Upheaval, and Movement Peoples in Motion (cont’d) Emigration was risky and could bring isolation in the new land Male migrants outnumber females Social and labor problems abounded as cities tried to accommodate the growing migrant population Few restrictions anywhere until 1914 U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, 1892 Most viewed immigrants as a positive force in the economy
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course IAS 45 taught by Professor Karras during the Spring '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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45+Week+13+Lecture+1 - Progress, Upheaval and Movement, Discontent with Imperialism, Worldwide Insec

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