45+Week+13+Lecture+2 - Cultural Modernism, WW1

45+Week+13+Lecture+2 - Cultural Modernism, WW1 - IAS 45...

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Unformatted text preview: IAS 45 Survey of World History Week 13 Lecture 2: Instructor: Joseph W.H. Lough Phone: 510.219.6569 • email: [email protected] Office Hours: Tues. 1-5 125 Stephens Hall GSIs: Rachel Brahinsky [email protected] Patrick Hazelton [email protected] Johntell Washington [email protected] Review • Progress, Upheaval, and Movement • Discontent with Imperialism • Worldwide Insecurities • Cultural Modernism Cultural Modernism • The Decline in Rationalism – Weber • the Protestant Ethic – Protestants took pride in embracing a “modern” religion » without superstition » without magic – Protestants embraced Kant’s radical distinction between the phenomenal and noumenal worlds » science that admits freedom cannot be science » freedom that admits science cannot be free Cultural Modernism • The Decline in Rationalism – Weber • the Protestant Ethic – Protestants embrace industry, technology, science and progress » nearly three quarters of Europe’s sots see no contradiction between their politics and their religion (since both are progressive) » several US cities elect sot mayors and councilmen who are also committed Lutherans, American Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians (protestantism, social justice, and progress go together) Cultural Modernism • The Decline in Rationalism – Weber • the Protestant Ethic – why does Protestantism go together with Economic, Social, Political, Scientific, and Technological Progress? – Common Theories: » Catholicism is otherworldly and moral » Protestants are worldly and immoral – Weber challenges these theories » originally, Protestants eschewed worldly goods and activities much more actively than Catholics Cultural Modernism • The Decline in Rationalism – Weber • the Protestant Ethic – Weber challenges these theories » Catholics, by contrast, were and remain much more at home with worldly pleasures – the real dividing line concerns attitudes toward traditional social relations and values – Traditionalism » reproduce sustainable social relations and values » the problem with compelling more work by raising wages Cultural Modernism • The Decline in Rationalism – Weber • the Protestant Ethic – Sacramental Salvation » saved by grace transmitted through the authorized vehicles entrusted to the Holy See of Saint Peter » labor is a consequence of the fall and is a sign of and punishment for original sin – Salvation by Grace through Faith » no activity that we can perform earns us salvation » all activity is trained not to salvation, but to God’s glory Cultural Modernism • The Decline in Rationalism – Weber • the Protestant Ethic...
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2011 for the course IAS 45 taught by Professor Karras during the Spring '07 term at Berkeley.

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45+Week+13+Lecture+2 - Cultural Modernism, WW1 - IAS 45...

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