1.13.10 - Developing through the Life Span Midterm Multiple...

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Developing through the Life Span
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Midterm Multiple Choice Mike will hold a review session If I cover it in class, it will likely show up on the midterm If something does not make sense in lecture, ask me a question in lecture or come to office hours. Answering questions over email is not as effective for you.
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Development is the study of Change Social development Neural development Physical Development
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Prenatal Development Fertilized eggs, called F zygotes, become embryos 40 days 45 days 60 days 4 months Fetus
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Prenatal Development Zygote and fetus are vulnerable to environmental toxins (e.g. viruses, drugs) 40 days 45 days 60 days 4 months
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What do newborns know? How to survive How to move limbs away from pain Turn head to get air Communicate Sucking Crying
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Habituation Research technique to study what infants know A form of learning Definition: A decrease in responding with repeated stimulation. E.g. If you hear a siren, at first you attend to it but if it persists, eventually you ignore it (stop responding to it)
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Novelty Preference Procedure Infants look longer at objects they think are novel (new)
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Infants will look at hybrid animal with dog’s head because they first focus on the face and since the dog’s face is new, they look longer at it
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Infancy and Childhood
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Motor Development First, infants begin to roll over. Next, they sit unsupported, crawl, and finally walk. Renee Altier for Worth Publishers Jim Craigmyle/ Corbis Phototake Inc./ Alamy Images Profimedia.CZ s.r.o./ Alamy
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Motor Development Individual differences in when each of these abilities sets in 25% walk by age 11 months 50 % within a week after first birthday 90% walk by 15 months
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Infant Memory Infantile amnesia : inability to remember events before ~ 3 years old. The earliest age of conscious memory is around 3½ years (Bauer, 2002). A 5-year-old has a sense of self and an increased long-term memory i
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Memory is linked to learning Even though babies do not consciously recall events before 3 years old, they can and do learn.
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Babies learn to kick their leg to move the mobile
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Cognitive Development Cognition: mental processes associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating.
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