Psych 10 2 - Psych 10 Module 2 Personality Modules 45-47...

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Personality Modules 45-47 Psych 10: Module 2
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Recap: test yourself A chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods: _______ The discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive substance: __________ In order for substance dependence to be diagnosed with “physiological dependence” either ________ or ______ must be present The diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug is called ________
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The Psychoanalytic Perspective The Development of Freud’s Theory Structures of the Mind: Id, Ego, and Superego Defense Mechanisms Freud’s Psychosexual Theory of Personality Development Further Development of Freud’s Theory: The Neo- Freudians Some Observations on Psychodynamic Theory and Research
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The Development of Freud’s Theory Freud (1856–1939) believed that personality was a result of events in a person’s life, including traumatic ones Freud also believed that the mind actively prevents unconscious traumatic events from reaching consciousness
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The Development of Freud’s Theory Unconscious – the inaccessible part of the mind Id – the unconscious reservoir of libido, the psychic energy the fuels instincts and psychic processes Superego – the repository of moral values including the conscience and the ego-deal Ego – the general manager of personality, making decisions balancing the id and superego demands Pleasure principle – the rule that the id obeys, immediate gratification
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Structures of the Mind: Id, Ego, and Superego Figure 14.9: Freud’s Conception on the Structure of the Mind
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Defense Mechanisms These are mental systems that become active whenever unconscious instinctual drives of the id come into conflict with the superego, and include: Sublimation Repression Reaction formation Conversion Projection Rationalization
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Freud’s Psychosexual Theory of Personality Development Freud believed that personality development involves passing through several psycho-sexual stages of development early in life These stages are the: Oral stage Anal stage Phallic stage Latency period Genital stage
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9 The Humanistic Perspective Abraham Maslow’s Self-Actualizing Person Carl Roger’s Person-Centered Perspective Assessing the Self Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective
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Humanistic Perspective By the 1960s, psychologists became discontent with Freud’s  negativity and the mechanistic psychology of the  behaviorists. 10 Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) Carl Rogers (1902-1987) http://www.ship.edu
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Self-Actualizing Person Maslow proposed that we as individuals are motivated by a  hierarchy of needs. Beginning with physiological needs, we  try to reach the state of  self-actualization —fulfilling our  potential.
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