03 - Technology to the Industrial Revolution

03 - Technology to the Industrial Revolution - Engineering...

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Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Engineering and Society: Societal Effects of Technology Through the Industrial Revolution Dr. Gershon Weltman Engineering 183EW, UCLA SEAS Lecture 3
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    2 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Definition of Technology 1 1. 1. Technique Technique The totality of the means employed to provide objects necessary for human sustenance and comfort.” 1. 1. Communication Communication “Systematic treatment of an art. Technical language .” 1 Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary The ways in which we do all things and the ways in which we pass this on
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    3 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Broad Historical Timeline 0 1000 AD 2000 AD 1000 BC 2000 BC Egypt & Mesopotamia Greek Empire Medieval Period Renaissance Industrial Revolution Roman Empire Enlightenment Chinese Empire Technology evolves in terms of complication, adaptation, specialization, persistence and – less frequently than we might think – extinction
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    4 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Technology of Egypt and Mesopotamia Domestication of Animals Family and Communal Agriculture “Industrial” Use of Fire Metals and Iron for Weapons, Tools and Utensils Cloth Spinning and Weaving Pottery Spinning and Glazing Structures of Wood, Brick and Stone Wheels for Transport Water Conduits for Irrigation, Drinking and Sewers Writing for Records and Accounting “Agriculture was the basis of the economy, home was the center of most production and the main source of power was man or beast.” A.G. Drachmann
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    5 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Technology on a Small Scale…. . Watering a Garden, Egypt 1300 BC Cuneiform Tablet Babylonia, 650 BC
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    6 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 ….and on an Immense Scale Pyramids and Sphinx, Egypt Portico of Philea Temple, Egypt
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    7 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Building the Pyramids: Geometry + Sweat Photograph of model at Boston Museum of Science http://www.flickr.com/photos/binkley27/3520522284/
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    8 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Greek Architecture and Aesthetics http://www.goddess-athena.org/ Greece provided the artistic ideals for the Western World The Parthenon, c480 B.C.E.
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    9 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Greek Mechanisms http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks Surveying Instrument c100BC Astrological Gnomon c100 BC Astrolabe c200 AD Artillery Bow c375 BC A surprising amount of science and precision, but the mechanisms were used more for academic study and demonstration than for civil engineering or warfare
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    10 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Roman Engineering Mechanical Power Transmission Gearing Screws and Screw Drives Force Pumps and Applications Concrete Construction of Arches, Vaults & Domes Long Distance Aqueducts Permanent Roads Ship Building and Shipping Military Technology: Cross Bow Catapult City Planning In contrast to the Greeks, less science for its own sake and more relatively simple but very practical technologies for civil engineering and for warfare
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    11 Copyright Gershon Weltman, 2010 Roman Technology for Daily Life….
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03 - Technology to the Industrial Revolution - Engineering...

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