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Golda Meir Biographical Paper - Golda Meir A Light Amidst...

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Golda Meir: A Light Amidst the Hours of Dark 1 Chapter One: Introduction Childhood and Familial Experiences: When Golda Meir, whom was born Golda Mabovitch, came into the world on May 3 rd , 1898 in Kiev, Ukraine, hostilities against the Jewish civilization gained greater intensity and manifested into a series of hate crimes in the form of pogroms across Russian borders. Since she was a young girl, Meir was always attuned to the overwhelming burdens of her family’s financial constraints and the effect that anti- Semitism maintained over their standard of living. Her father, Moshe Mabovitch, was a carpenter whose work was consistently underappreciated and thus led to his growing incapability of sufficiently providing for his family. When Golda was five years old, she, her mother and her two sisters, Shaina and Tzipka, moved in with her grandfather in Pinsk in order to give her father time to get back on his feet. Once this move occurred, Moshe began to formulate his plans of emigration to the United States so that he can raise the necessary funds to support his family. Moshe remained in the United States for three years before the rest of the family relocated. During this time, Meir didn’t attend school but received private lessons in the academic fields of arithmetic, reading, and writing. While the family initially planned on reuniting when Moshe returned to Pinsk, it was due to the revolutionary political activities of Golda’s eldest sister, Shaina, that the family decided to emigrate to the United States as well. Golda’s sister was an active member of the Zionist-Socialist Party which placed her in a position of susceptibility to threat. Partaking in the events of the political party was both illegal and incredibly dangerous. Golda recounts her terrifying memories of all the nights her sister had disappeared from the house and returned home very late. She and her mother “would hear the dreadful cries of young men and women arrested for illegal activity who were being brutally beaten”. 1 Despite the fears and worries that were ignited by Shaina’s political stances and activities, Golda admired her objectives and was greatly influenced by the meetings she witnessed in her home when her sister would organize clandestine sessions to discuss various concepts that were forbidden at the time such as overthrowing the czar and creating a Jewish socialist state in Palestine. 1 Weidenfeld and Nicolson, Golda Meir Speaks Out (London 1973) pp. 20
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Golda Meir: A Light Amidst the Hours of Dark 2 “Jewish Problem” and Zionist Parties in Russia The vicious cycle of anti-Semitism brought forth the notion of the “Jewish Problem” which in itself created an additional societal crisis that gave way to a clearer gap between the Jewish and Non-Jewish populations of the time. From a young age, Golda was aware of the fact that the hunger she had experienced both physically for food and emotionally for the presence of her father and a unity amongst her family had been a result of anti-Semitism. In addition to the pogroms that took place in Russia at the time,
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