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KEY:All un-highlighted questions are required for Patho-Pharm 1Red Text = Should UnderstandGreen Text = Absolutely Should KnowYellow Highlight = Patho-Pharm 2 Material (Skip in Patho-Pharm 1)Blue Highlight = Skip (In both Patho-Pharm 1 & 2)Renal and Urinary Medications1.A client who has a cold is seen in the emergency department with an inability to void. Because the client has a history of benign prostatic hyperplasia, the nurse determines that the client should be questioned about the use of which medication?1.Diuretics2.Antibiotics3.Antilipemics4.DecongestantsCorrect answer: 4Rationale: In the client with benign prostatic hyperplasia, episodes of urinary retention can be triggered by certain medications, such as decongestants, anticholinergics, and antidepressants. These medications lessen the voluntary ability to contract the bladder. The client should be questioned about the use of these medications if he has urinary retention. Diuretics increase urine output. Antibiotics and antlipemics do not affect ability to urinate.2. Nitrofurantoin is prescribed for a client with a urinary tract infection. The client contacts the nurse and reports a cough, chills, fever, and difficulty breathing. The nurse should make which interpretation about the client's complaints?
3. The nurse is providing discharge instructions to a client receiving trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Which instruction should be included in the list?