Anatomy and Physiology of the Reproductive Systems.docx -...

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Anatomy and Physiology of the Reproductive SystemsI.IntroductionA.Nurses need to have a thorough understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the male and femalereproductive systems to be able to assess the health of these systems, to promote reproductive systemhealth, to care for conditions that might affect the reproductive organs, and to provide client teachingconcerning the reproductive systemII.Female Reproductive Anatomy and PhysiologyA.Consists of the paired ovaries and oviducts, the uterus, the vagina, the external genitalia, and the mammaryglandsB.External Female Reproductive Organs1.The external female reproductive organs collectively are called the vulva. The vulva serves to protect theurethral and vaginal openings and is highly sensitive to touch to increase the female’s pleasure duringsexual arousal2.Mons Pubisa.The mons pubis protects the symphysis pubis during sexual intercourse3.Labiaa.The labia majora (large lips), which are relatively large and fleshyb.Protect the vaginal opening and provide cushioning during sexual activity. The labia minora (smalllips) are the delicate hairless inner folds of skin; they can be very small or up to 2 in widec.These lips surround the vaginal opening and extend upward to form protection around both theclitoris and urethrad.They lubricate the vulva, swell in response to stimulation, and are highly sensitive4.Clitoris and Prepucea.Function of the clitoris is purely erogenousb.The joining of the folds above the clitoris forms the prepuce, a hood-like covering over the clitoris;the junction below the clitoris forms the frenulumc.Function is sexual stimulation5.Vestibulea.Opening into the vestibule are the urethra from the urinary bladder, the vagina, and two sets ofglands. The opening to the vagina is called the introitus, and the half-moon–shaped area behind theopening is called the fourchetteb.Bartholin’s glands, when stimulated, secrete mucus that supplies lubrication for intercourse. Skene’sglands are located on either side of the opening to the urethra. They secrete a small amount ofmucus to keep the opening moist and lubricated for the passage of urine6.Perineuma.Incising the perineum area to provide more space for the presenting part is called an episiotomyC.Internal Female Reproductive Organs1.Vaginaa.The rugae allow for extreme dilation of the canal during labor and birth2.Uterusa.A full bladder tilts the uterus backward; a distended rectum tilts it forwardb.The uterine wall is relatively thick and composed of three layers: the endometrium (innermost layer),the myometrium (muscular middle layer), and the perimetrium (outer serosal layer that covers thebody of the uterus)c.Anatomic subdivisions of the uterus include the convex portion above the uterine tubes (thefundus), the central portion (the corpus or body) between the fundus and the cervix, and the cervix,or neck, which opens into the vaginad.Cervixe.Corpus3.Fallopian Tubes4.Ovariesa.

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Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
progesterone, Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology, Physiology of the Reproductive Systems

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